Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 3416864, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3416864
Research Article

Characteristics of Salmonella spp. Isolated from Wild Birds Confiscated in Illegal Trade Markets, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

1Departamento de Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, 23890-000 Seropédica, RJ, Brazil
2Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, 21041-210 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
3Laboratório de Referência Nacional de Enteroinfecções Bacterianas, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 21040-360 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
4Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública de Santa Catarina, 88010-002 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil

Received 30 August 2015; Revised 26 October 2015; Accepted 29 November 2015

Academic Editor: Wen-Jun Li

Copyright © 2016 Carlos Alexandre Rey Matias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. R. N. Alves, J. R. De Farias Lima, and H. F. P. Araujo, “The live bird trade in Brazil and its conservation implications: an overview,” Bird Conservation International, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 53–65, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Fernandes-Ferreira, S. V. Mendonça, C. Albano, F. S. Ferreira, and R. R. N. Alves, “Hunting, use and conservation of birds in Northeast Brazil,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 221–244, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. F. S. Regueira and E. Bernard, “Wildlife sinks: quantifying the impact of illegal bird trade in street markets in Brazil,” Biological Conservation, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 16–22, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. H. Redford, “The empty Forest,” BioScience, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 412–422, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. B. B. Chomel, A. Belotto, and F.-X. Meslin, “Wildlife, exotic pets, and emerging zoonoses,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 6–11, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. B. Karesh, R. A. Cook, E. L. Bennett, and J. Newcomb, “Wildlife trade and global disease emergence,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1000–1002, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Tsiodras, T. Kelesidis, I. Kelesidis, U. Bauchinger, and M. E. Falagas, “Human infections associated with wild birds,” Journal of Infection, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 83–98, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. M. H. Benskin, K. Wilson, K. Jones, and I. R. Hartley, “Bacterial pathogens in wild birds: a review of the frequency and effects of infection,” Biological Reviews, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 349–373, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. H. Abulreesh, R. Goulder, and G. W. Scott, “Wild birds and human pathogens in the context of ringing and migration,” Ringing & Migration, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 193–200, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. A. Silva, M. F. V. Marvulo, R. A. Mota, and J. C. R. Silva, “The role of order Ciconiiformes in the epidemiological chain of Salmonella spp. for public health and biological diversity conservation,” Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 573–580, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Hilbert, F. J. M. Smulders, R. Chopra-Dewasthaly, and P. Paulsen, “Salmonella in the wildlife-human interface,” Food Research International, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 603–608, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. Rabsch, H. L. Andrews, R. A. Kingsley et al., “Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium and its host-adapted variants,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 2249–2255, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. N. Skov, J. J. Madsen, C. Rahbek et al., “Transmission of Salmonella between wildlife and meat-production animals in Denmark,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 1558–1568, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. A. D. Grimont and F. X. Weill, Antigenic Formulas of the Salmonella Serovars, WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Salmonella, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, 9th edition, 2007.
  15. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, “Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility; twenty-second informational supplement,” CLSI Document M100-S23, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, Wayne, Pa, USA, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. J. D. D. Pitout, Y. Wei, D. I. Church, and D. B. Gregson, “Surveillance for plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants in Enterobacteriaceae within the Calgary Health Region, Canada: the emergence of aac(6′)-Ib-cr,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 999–1002, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I. Olesen, H. Hasman, and F. M. Aarestrup, “Prevalence of β-lactamases among ampicillin-resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella isolated from food animals in Denmark,” Microbial Drug Resistance, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 334–340, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. H. Park, A. Robicsek, G. A. Jacoby, D. Sahm, and D. C. Hooper, “Prevalence in the United States of aac(6′)-Ib-cr encoding a ciprofloxacin-modifying enzyme,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 3953–3955, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. M. Ribot, M. A. Fair, R. Gautom et al., “Standardization of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis protocols for the subtyping of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Shigella for PulseNet,” Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 59–67, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. Tizard, “Salmonellosis in wild birds,” Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 50–66, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. D. Kich, A. Coldebella, N. Morés et al., “Prevalence, distribution, and molecular characterization of Salmonella recovered from swine finishing herds and a slaughter facility in Santa Catarina, Brazil,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 151, no. 3, pp. 307–313, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. A. R. Matias, V. M. Oliveira, D. P. Rodrigues et al., “Summary of the bird species seized in the illegal trade in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,” TRAFFIC Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 83–86, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  23. E. Hofer, S. J. Silva Filho, and E. M. Reis, “Prevalência de sorovares de Salmonella isolados de aves no Brasil,” Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 55–62, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. G. Kapperud, H. Stenwig, and J. Lassen, “Epidemiology of Salmonella typhimurium O:4–12 infection in Norway,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 147, no. 8, pp. 774–782, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. N. Thornley, G. C. Simmons, M. L. Callaghan et al., “First incursion of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT160 into New Zealand,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 493–495, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. T. Refsum, T. Vikøren, K. Handeland, G. Kapperud, and G. Holstad, “Epidemiologic and pathologic aspects of Salmonella typhimurium infection in passerine birds in Norway,” Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 64–72, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. N. Locke, R. B. Shillinger, and T. Jareed, “Salmonellosis in passerine birds in Maryland and West Virginia,” Journal of wildlife diseases, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 144–145, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. J. Hall and E. K. Saito, “Avian wildlife mortality events due to salmonellosis in the United States, 1985–2004,” Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 585–593, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. W. Pennycott, H. A. Mather, G. Bennett, and G. Foster, “Salmonellosis in garden birds in Scotland, 1995 to 2008: geographic region. Salmonella enterica phage type and bird species,” Veterinary Record, vol. 166, no. 14, pp. 419–421, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. Y. Daoust, D. G. Busby, L. Ferns et al., “Salmonellosis in songbirds in the Canadian Atlantic provinces during winter-summer 1997-98,” Canadian Veterinary Journal, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 54–59, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. B. Lawson, T. Howard, J. K. Kirkwood et al., “Epidemiology of salmonellosis in garden birds in England and Wales, 1993 to 2003,” EcoHealth, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 294–306, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Magalhães and A. Véras, “Resistência transferível em culturas de Salmonella typhimurium isoladas no Recife,” Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 75–78, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  33. Â. C. Rodrigues Ghilardi, A. T. Tavechio, and S. A. Fernandes, “Antimicrobial susceptibility, phage types, and pulsetypes of Salmonella Typhimurium, in São Paulo, Brazil,” Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 281–286, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. S. Pereira, L. M. Medeiros, R. G. Costa et al., “Phage typing and multidrug resistance profile in S. typhimurium isolated from different sources in Brazil from 1999 to 2004,” Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 385–390, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. B. Levy, “Antibiotic resistant bacteria in food of man and animals,” in Antibiotics and Agriculture, M. Woodbine, Ed., pp. 525–532, Buterworth, Sevenoaks, UK, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  36. A. S. Okamoto, R. L. Andreatti Filho, T. S. Rocha, A. Menconi, and G. A. Marietto-Gonçalves, “Detection and transfer of antimicrobial resistance gene integron in Salmonella enteritidis derived from avian material,” Revista Brasileira de Ciencia Avicola, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 195–201, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. V. B. Ribeiro, C. Andrigheto, L. S. Bersot, V. Barcellos, E. F. Reis, and M. T. Destro, “Serological and genetic diversity amongst Salmonella strains isolated in a salami processing line,” Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 178–182, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. E. Heir, B.-A. Lindstedt, I. Nygård, T. Vardund, V. Hasseltvedt, and G. Kapperud, “Molecular epidemiology of Salmonella typhimurium isolates from human sporadic and outbreak cases,” Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 373–382, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus