Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Corrigendum

A corrigendum for this article has been published. To view the corrigendum, please click here.

BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 3794029, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3794029
Research Article

Differences in Brain Metabolic Impairment between Chronic Mild/Moderate TBI Patients with and without Visible Brain Lesions Based on MRI

1Department of Clinical Brain Sciences, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
2Chubu Medical Center for Prolonged Traumatic Brain Dysfunction, Kizawa Memorial Hospital, Minokamo, Gifu 505-0034, Japan

Received 14 February 2016; Revised 18 June 2016; Accepted 28 June 2016

Academic Editor: John H. Zhang

Copyright © 2016 Keiichi Ito et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Dikmen, A. McLean, and N. Temkin, “Neuropsychological and psychosocial consequences of minor head injury,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 1227–1232, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. C. Hartlage, D. Durant-Wilson, and P. C. Patch, “Persistent neurobehavioral problems following mild traumatic brain injury,” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 561–570, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. G. Taylor, A. Dietrich, K. Nuss et al., “Post-concussive symptoms in children with mild traumatic brain injury,” Neuropsychology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 148–159, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Faul, L. Xu, M. M. Wald et al., Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations and Deaths 2002–2006, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2010.
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Report to Congresson Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Steps to Prevent a Serious Public Health Problem, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2003.
  6. L. C. Frey, “Epidemiology of posttraumatic epilepsy: a critical review,” Epilepsia, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 11–17, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Asano, J. Shinoda, A. Okumura et al., “Utility of fractional anisotropy imaging analyzed by statistical parametric mapping for detecting minute brain lesions in chronic-stage patients who had mild or moderate traumatic brain injury,” Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 31–40, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M.-X. Huang, R. J. Theilmann, A. Robb et al., “Integrated imaging approach with MEG and DTI to detect mild traumatic brain injury in military and civilian patients,” Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1213–1226, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Ishii, “PET approaches for diagnosis of dementia,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 2030–2038, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. T. Hosokawa, T. Momose, and K. Kasai, “Brain glucose metabolism difference between bipolar and unipolar mood disorders in depressed and euthymic states,” Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 243–250, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Sacher, J. Neumann, T. Fünfstück, A. Soliman, A. Villringer, and M. L. Schroeter, “Mapping the depressed brain: a meta-analysis of structural and functional alterations in major depressive disorder,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 140, no. 2, pp. 142–148, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Z. Schmidt, B. Reininghaus, C. Enzinger, C. Ebner, P. Hofmann, and H. P. Kapfhammer, “Changes in brain metabolism after ECT-positron emission tomography in the assessment of changes in glucose metabolism subsequent to electroconvulsive therapy–lessons, limitations and future applications,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 106, no. 1-2, pp. 203–208, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. J. Carroll, J. D. Cassidy, L. Holm, J. Kraus, and V. G. Coronado, “Methodological issues and research recommendations for mild traumatic brain injury: the WHO collaborating centre task force on mild traumatic brain injury,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 36, no. 43, pp. 113–125, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. J. Thompson, A. Dagher, D. N. Lunney, S. C. Strother, and A. C. Evans, “Technique to reject scattered radiation in pet transmission scans,” in Physics and Engineering of Computerized Multidimensional Imaging and Processing, vol. 0671 of Proceedings of SPIE, pp. 244–253, 1986. View at Scopus
  15. C. Chatfield and A. J. Collins, Introduction to Multivariate Analysis, Chapman and Hall, London, UK, 1980.
  16. K. J. Friston, J.-B. Poline, A. P. Holmes, C. D. Frith, and R. S. J. Frackowiak, “A multivariate analysis of PET activation studies,” Human Brain Mapping, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 140–151, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Holmes, J. B. Poline, and K. J. Friston, “Characterizing brain images with general linear model,” in Human Brain Function, R. S. Frackowiak, K. J. Friston, C. D. Frith et al., Eds., pp. 67–70, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  18. N. Nakayama, A. Okumura, J. Shinoda et al., “Evidence for white matter disruption in traumatic brain injury without macroscopic lesions,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 77, no. 7, pp. 850–855, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. J. Friston, A. Holmes, J.-B. Poline, C. J. Price, and C. D. Frith, “Detecting activations in pet and fMRI: levels of inference and power,” NeuroImage, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 223–235, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. J. Friston, A. P. Holmes, K. J. Worsley, J.-P. Poline, C. D. Frith, and R. S. J. Frackowiak, “Statistical parametric maps in functional imaging: a general linear approach,” Human Brain Mapping, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 189–210, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. J. Fristen, K. J. Worsley, R. S. J. Frackowiak, J. C. Mazziotta, and A. C. Evans, “Assessing the significance of focal activations using their spatial extent,” Human Brain Mapping, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 210–220, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Wada, Y. Asano, and J. Shinoda, “Decreased fractional anisotropy evaluated using tract-based spatial statistics and correlated with cognitive dysfunction in patients with mild traumatic brain injury in the chronic stage,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 2117–2122, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Nakayama, A. Okumura, J. Shinoda, T. Nakashima, and T. Iwama, “Relationship between regional cerebral metabolism and consciousness disturbance in traumatic diffuse brain injury without large focal lesions: an FDG-PET study with statistical parametric mapping analysis,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 77, no. 7, pp. 856–862, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. A. Gennarelli, L. E. Thibault, J. H. Adams, D. I. Graham, C. J. Thompson, and R. P. Marcincin, “Diffuse axonal injury and traumatic coma in the primate,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 564–574, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. L. Mittl Jr., R. I. Grossman, J. F. Hiehle et al., “Prevalence of MR evidence of diffuse axonal injury in patients with mild head injury and normal head CT findings,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1583–1589, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. K. Ng, R. D. Mahaliyana, and W. S. Poon, “The pathological spectrum of diffuse axonal injury in blunt head trauma: assessment with axon and myelin stains,” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 24–31, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. Azouvi, “Neuroimaging correlates of cognitive and functional outcome after traumatic brain injury,” Current Opinion in Neurology, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 665–669, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. S. Humayun, S. K. Presty, N. D. Lafrance et al., “Local cerebral glucose abnormalities in mild closed head injured patients with cognitive impairments,” Nuclear Medicine Communications, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 335–344, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus