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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3795367, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3795367
Research Article

Comparing Dimensions of Four-Strand Hamstring Tendon Grafts with Native Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligaments

1Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Istanbul, Turkey
2Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Anatomy, Acıbadem University, Istanbul, Turkey
4Memorial Antalya Hospital, Orthopedics and Trauma Department, Antalya, Turkey
5Medipol University Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Istanbul, Turkey

Received 25 August 2016; Revised 29 November 2016; Accepted 30 November 2016

Academic Editor: Adrian Dragu

Copyright © 2016 Barış Yılmaz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether or not there was any incompatibility between four-strand hamstring tendons taken from the same knee and the dimensions of the ACL and PCL. Methods. 15 fresh frozen cadaver hamstrings were prepared as four-strand grafts and measurements made of the ACL and PCL circumferences in the midsection were made in the narrowest part of the midsection. The cross-section areas and diameters were calculated with geometric calculations used to measure the cross-sectional area of cylinders. Accepting that the geometric insertions were elliptical, the length, width, and area were calculated for entry areas. Results. A significant relationship at 96.2% was determined between the ACL mid and the hamstring diameter. A significant relationship at 96.7% was determined between the ACL and the hamstring mid area. A significant relationship at 96.4% was determined between the PCL mid and the hamstring diameter. A significant relationship at 95.7% was determined between the PCL and the hamstring mid area. Conclusion. For the reconstruction of ACL and PCL, it was determined that there is less incompatibility between the four-strand hamstring tendons taken from the same knee and the dimensions of the midsection PCL compared to the ACL dimensions.