BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Fig 3

Clinical Study

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial: The Efficacy of Multispecies Probiotic Supplementation in Alleviating Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome Associated with Constipation

Figure 3

Percentage of responders to IBS-C related symptom during the treatment period (, days) with probiotic formulations F_1 and F_2. The Responders was defined as the subject reporting a decrease of symptoms of at least 30% compared to the basal condition for at least 50% of the intervention time. Bloating, abdominal pain, constipation, abdominal cramps, and flatulence symptoms were assessed on a numbering scale from 0 to 10 for each item subjects scored. Data are mean ± SE. Upon the square brackets are reported the intergroups F_1 and F_2 (versus placebo F_3) statistical analysis (). The intergroups F_1 versus F_2 statistical analysis () is also reported.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.