BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

tDCS and Robotics on Upper Limb Stroke Rehabilitation: Effect Modification by Stroke Duration and Type of Stroke

Table 2

Functional tests results (FMA-UE, BBT, and MAL) with significances.

Real-tDCS + RAT ()Sham-tDCS + RAT () value
Mean (SD)MedianMean (SD)Median

FMA-UE
 Pre24.08 (16.60)2021.09 (13.19)17
 Post28.5 (18.96)2326.64 (16.12)22
pre-post5.17 (4.30)4.55.5 (4.97)50.82
BBT
 Pre10.42 (15.47)2.56.55 (11.67)0
 Post12.67 (17.23)3.58.55 (14.07)1
pre-post2.25 (3.05)1.52 (8.39)00.057
MAL-AOM
 Pre0.68 (0.90)0.280.59 (1.02)0.15
 Post1.09 (1.36)0.320.89 (1.38)0.43
pre-post0.41 (0.73)00.3 (0.67)00.61
MAL-QOM
 Pre0.69 (1.01)0.140.59 (1.17)0.15
 Post1.05 (1.43)0.250.85 (1.50)0.29
pre-post0.36 (0.72)00.26 (0.61)00.51

tDCS = transcranial direct current stimulation; RAT = robot-assisted training; SD = standard deviation; FMA-UE = Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity; BBT = Box and Block Test; MAL = Motor Activity Log; AOM = Amount of Movement; QOM = Quality of Movement; pre-post = changes between posttreatment and baseline; value = difference between mean changes from baseline of real-tDCS + robot-assisted arm training group versus sham-tDCS + robot-assisted arm training group. = or = within-group differences in pre-post treatment.

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