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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5489348, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5489348
Research Article

Positive Impact on Physical Activity and Health Behaviour Changes of a 15-Week Family Focused Intervention Program: “Juniors for Seniors”

1Department of Didactics of Physical Activity, University School of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/38, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
2Department of Recreation, University School of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/38, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
3Department of Physical Activity Study and Health Promotion, University School of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/38, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
4Department of Psychology, University School of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/38, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
5Physical Activity, Sport and Recreation Focus Area, North-West University, Private Bag Box X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa

Received 19 May 2016; Revised 25 August 2016; Accepted 5 September 2016

Academic Editor: Ashraf S. Gorgey

Copyright © 2016 Michał Bronikowski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The promotion of physical activity (PA) in children and their parents requires effective planning and sometimes even interventions. This study shows the effect of PA during a 15-week intervention program “Junior for Seniors” by applying a socioecological model to the interpretation of the data. This comprehensive approach emphasizes the fact that health promotion should focus not only on intrapersonal factors but also on the multilevel factors that might be determinants and modulators of increased PA. In 2015, 24 children (“juniors,” 14 girls and 10 boys, aged ) and 22 parents (“seniors,” 14 mothers aged and 8 fathers aged ) were voluntarily enrolled in a study spread across three primary schools in the city of Poznań, Poland. The effectiveness of the intervention was determined according to postintervention behavioural changes in PA in comparison to preintervention levels, as reported by the parents and children. Overall, the study found increases in PA levels and reductions in sedentary time. Although the changes are modest, there are some unrecognized benefits of the intervention which may have occurred, such as improved sport and motor skills, more frequent family social behaviours (walks, meals, and visiting relatives), or simply improved quality of “do-together” leisure time PA.