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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 5805806, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5805806
Research Article

Assessment of Tree Leaves Flakes Mixed with Crude Glycerol as a Bioenergy Source

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, UAE University, Al Ain, UAE

Received 23 January 2016; Accepted 31 May 2016

Academic Editor: Raf Dewil

Copyright © 2016 Ali Hilal-AlNaqbi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The gasification and combustion of dry tree leaves and the cogasification of dry tree leaves soaking crude glycerol were studied experimentally. An updraft fixed bed gasification and combustion system was built. The operation was conducted at different air to fuel ratios. Results show more stable combustion and more effective heat transfer to furnace walls for the cases when tree leaves flakes are mixed with 20 percent (on mass basis) of crude glycerol, as compared with the case when only dry tree leaves are used as fuel. TGA analysis was also conducted for the two fuels used under both air and nitrogen environments. For the crude glycerol, four phases of pyrolysis and gasification were noticed under either of the two surrounding gaseous media (air or nitrogen). For the dry tree leaves, the pyrolysis under nitrogen shows only a simple smooth pyrolysis and gasification curve without showing the different distinct phases that were otherwise identified when the pyrolysis is conducted under air environment. Moreover, the air TGA results lead to more gasification due to the char oxidation at high temperatures. DTG results are also presented and discussed.