BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

A Comparison of Surgical Invasions for Spinal Nerve Ligation with or without Paraspinal Muscle Removal in a Rat Neuropathic Pain Model

Figure 3

Results show increased serum levels of IL-1β (a), IL-6 (b), and TNF-α (c) on postoperative days 1, 2, and 7 after L5 SNL. compared with paraspinal muscle removal group. compared with the sham operated rats. compared with the sham operated rats.
(a)
(b)
(c)

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