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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7374129, 12 pages
Review Article

Soft Tissue Augmentation Techniques in Implants Placed and Provisionalized Immediately: A Systematic Review

1Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University (URJC), Avenida Atenas s/n, 28922 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federico II University, Corso Umberto I 40, 80138 Naples, Italy
3Department of International Dentistry Research, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, San Antonio Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM), Avenida Jerónimos 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain

Received 15 January 2016; Revised 28 May 2016; Accepted 13 June 2016

Academic Editor: Konstantinos Michalakis

Copyright © 2016 Rosa Rojo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of techniques for soft tissue augmentation in the placement of immediate implants with and without provisionalization and to assess the quality of the reports in the literature. Randomized clinical trials, prospective clinical trials, and case series were included in this review. Clinical questions were formulated and organised according to the PICOS strategy. An electronic search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, and ISI Web up until June 2016. Interexaminer agreement on eligibility (; ) and quality (; ) was high. Methodological approaches were assessed using criteria based on design related forms designed by the Dutch Cochrane Collaboration. Finally, 14 papers were identified. In two studies, the implant survival was 90%; for the rest of the studies it was 100%. All studies reported favourable aesthetic, biological, and radiographic outcomes. Surgical and biomechanical complications of this technique were not relevant. This technique effectively compensates for the expected loss of volume of the oral soft tissues and maintains high success rates with good aesthetic results over time.