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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 7515238, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7515238
Research Article

The Impact of Walking Exercises and Resistance Training upon the Walking Distance in Patients with Chronic Lower Limb Ischaemia

1Clinic of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
2Clinic of General and Vascular Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

Received 22 June 2016; Accepted 28 September 2016

Academic Editor: Gabriele Piffaretti

Copyright © 2016 Maria Szymczak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The objective of this paper is to compare the impact of supervised walking and resistance training upon the walking distance in PAD patients. Materials and Methods. The examination involved 50 PAD patients at the 2nd stage of the disease according to Fontaine’s scale. The participants were randomly allocated to two groups: one exercising on the treadmill () and one performing resistance exercises of lower limbs (). Results. The 12-week program of supervised rehabilitation led to a significant increase in the intermittent claudication distance measured both on the treadmill and during the 6-minute walking test. The group training on the treadmill showed a statistically significant increase of the initial claudication distance (ICD) and the absolute claudication distance (ACD) measured on the treadmill, as well as of ICD and the total walking distance (TWD) measured during the 6-minute walking test. Within the group performing resistance exercises, a statistically significant improvement was observed in the case of parameters measured on the treadmill: ICD and ACD. Conclusions. The supervised rehabilitation program, in the form of both walking and resistance exercises, contributes to the increase in the intermittent claudication distance. The results obtained in both groups were similar.