Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 7826245, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7826245
Research Article

Evaluation of Risk Factors for Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus in Sheep and Goats at the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Punjab Province, Pakistan

1Department of Microbiology, Government College University, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
2National Veterinary Laboratory, Park Road, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
3Progressive Control of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan, FAO, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
4The Jallo Wildlife Park, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
5The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
6Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7054, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden

Received 22 February 2016; Revised 12 April 2016; Accepted 14 April 2016

Academic Editor: Jacques Cabaret

Copyright © 2016 Aziz-ul-Rahman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Economic Survey, Economic Adviser's Wing, Finance Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2014-2015.
  2. M. Hussain, H. Irshad, and M. Q. Khan, “Laboratory diagnosis of transboundary animal diseases in Pakistan,” Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 55, no. 5-6, pp. 190–195, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. P. Gibbs, W. P. Taylor, M. J. Lawman, and J. Bryant, “Classification of peste des petits ruminants virus as the fourth member of the genus Morbillivirus,” Intervirology, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 268–274, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. T. Barrett, C. H. Romero, M. D. Baron et al., “The molecular-biology of rinderpest and peste-des-petits ruminants,” Journal of Medical Veterinary, vol. 137, pp. 77–85, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  5. I. Gargadennec and A. Lalanne, “La peste des petits ruminants,” Bulletin of Services of ZooAnimal, vol. 5, pp. 15–21, 1942. View at Google Scholar
  6. E. M. Abu Elzein, M. M. Hassanien, A. I. Al-Afaleq, M. A. Abd Elhadi, and F. M. Housawi, “Isolation of peste des petits ruminants from goats in Saudi Arabia,” The Veterinary Record, vol. 127, no. 12, pp. 309–310, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. C. Lefevre and A. Diallo, “Peste des petits ruminants virus,” Revue Scientifique et Techniqu de l'Office International des Epizooties, vol. 9, pp. 951–965, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  8. P. C. Lefèvre, A. Diallo, F. Schenkel, S. Hussein, and G. Staak, “Serological evidence of peste des petits ruminants in Jordan,” Veterinary Record, vol. 128, article 110, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. S. Shaila, V. Purushothaman, D. Bhavasar, K. Venugopal, and R. A. Venkatesan, “Peste des petits ruminants of sheep in India,” The Veterinary Record, vol. 125, no. 24, p. 602, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Abdollahpour, A. Raoofi, J. Najafi, F. Sasani, and E. Sakhaie, “Clinical and para-clinical findings of a recent outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in Iran,” Journal of Veterinary Medicine—Series B, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Athar, G. Muhammad, F. Azim, A. Shakoor, A. Maqbool, and N. I. Chaudhry, “An outbreak of peste des petits ruminants like disease among goats in Punjab (Pakistan),” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 15, pp. 140–143, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. Hussain, R. Muneer, M. Jahangir et al., “Chromatographic strip technology: a pen-side test for the rapid diagnosis of peste des petits ruminants in sheep and goats,” Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. Munir, A. Saeed, M. Abubakar, S. Kanwal, and M. Berg, “Molecular characterization of peste des petits ruminants viruses from outbreaks caused by unrestricted movements of small ruminants in Pakistan,” Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 108–114, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. J. G. Appel and B. A. Summers, “Pathogenicity of morbilliviruses for terrestrial carnivores,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 44, no. 2–4, pp. 187–191, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. K. Murphy and G. D. Parks, “RNA replication for the paramyxovirus simian virus 5 requires an internal repeated (CGNNNN) sequence motif,” Journal of Virology, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 805–809, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. R. Scott, “Rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants,” in Virus Diseases of Food Animals, E. P. J. Gibbs, Ed., vol. 2, Academic Press, London, UK, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  17. A. Diallo, C. Minet, G. Berhe et al., “Goat immune response to capripox vaccine expressing the hemagglutinin protein of peste des petits ruminants,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 969, pp. 88–91, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. P. Kitching, “The economic significance and control of small ruminant viruses in North Africa and West Asia,” in Increasing Small Ruminant Productivity in Semiarid Areas, F. S. Thompson, Ed., pp. 225–236, International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  19. C. Baldlock, T. Forman, B. Geering, and W. P. Taylor, “Report of the FAO Japan Cooperative Project ‘collection of information on animal production and health’,” in Infectious Diseases, FAO, EMPRES Group, Rome, Italy, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  20. F. M. Hamdy and A. H. Dardiri, “Response of white tailed deer to infection with peste des petits ruminants,” Journal of Wildlife Disease, vol. 12, pp. 516–522, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  21. Office International des Epizooties, Wahid Interface Animal Health Information, Disease outbreak map. Peste des petits ruminants. Period from January 2005 to December 2013, http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Diseaseinformation/Diseaseoutbreakmaps.
  22. A. Elsawalhy, C. Jeffrey, J. Mariner et al., “Pan African strategy for the progressive control of peste des petits ruminants (Pan African ppr strategy),” Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 185–193, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  23. M. Abubakar, S. Ashiq, A. B. Zahoor, M. J. Arshed, and A. C. Banyard, “Diagnosis and control strategies for peste des petits ruminants virus: global and pakistan perspectives,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 267–274, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. E. Couacy-Hymann, F. Roger, C. Hurard, J. P. Guillou, G. Libeau, and A. Diallo, “Rapid and sensitive detection of peste des petits ruminants virus by a polymerase chain reaction assay,” Journal of Virological Methods, vol. 100, no. 1-2, pp. 17–25, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Recognizing Peste des Petits Ruminants: A Field Manual, 1999, http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/x1703e/x1703e00.htm.
  26. A. B. Zahur, A. Ullah, M. Hussain et al., “Sero-epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan,” Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 87–92, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Abubakar, Q. Ali, and H. A. Khan, “Prevalence and mortality rate of peste des petitis ruminant (ppr): possible association with abortion in goat,” Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 317–321, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. A. Khan, M. Siddique, S. U. Rahman, M. Abubakar, and M. Ashraf, “The detection of antibody against peste des petits ruminants virus in Sheep, Goats, Cattle and Buffaloes,” Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 521–527, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Atta-ur-Rahman, M. Ashfaque, S. U. Rahman, M. Akhtar, and S. Ullah, “Peste des petits ruminants antigen in mesenteric lymph nodes of goats slaughtered at D. I. Khan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 159–160, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  30. M. Abubakar, S. M. Jamal, M. J. Arshed, M. Hussain, and Q. Ali, “Peste des petitsruminants virus (PPRV) infection; its association with species, seasonal variations and geography,” Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 41, pp. 1197–1202, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  31. M. Dost, “Grassland and Pasture Crops Country Pasture/Forage Resourse Profile,” June 1998, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Counprof/Pakistan.htm.
  32. W. P. Taylor and T. Barrett, “Rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants,” in Diseases of Sheep, I. D. Aitken, Ed., chapter 61, pp. 450–469, Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 4th edition, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. M. T. Tahir, R. Ahmad, S. U. Rehman, I. Hussain, and M. Ashfaque, “Serological study of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) using counter immunoelectrophoresis in Faisalabad,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 53–54, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  34. H. A. Khan, M. Siddique, M. J. Arshad, M. Q. Khan, and S. U. Rehman, “Seroprevalence of PPR virus in sheep and goats in Punjab province of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 27, pp. 109–112, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  35. A. B. Zahur, H. Irshad, M. Hussain et al., “The epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants in Pakistan,” Revue Scientifique et Technique, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 877–884, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. H. A. Khan, M. Siddique, M. J. Arshad, Q. M. Khan, and S. U. Rahman, “Seroprevalance of Peste des petitis ruminants (PPR) virus in sheep and goat in Punjab province of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, vol. 27, pp. 109–112, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  37. M. Abubakar and M. Munir, “Peste des Petits Ruminants virus: an emerging threat to goat farming in Pakistan,” Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 61, supplement 1, pp. 7–10, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. B. Zahur, A. Ullah, H. Irshad et al., “Epidemiological analysis of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) outbreaks in Pakistan,” Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 18–26, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. M. Abubakar, Z. I. Rajput, M. J. Arshed, G. Sarwar, and Q. Ali, “Evidence of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) infection in Sindh Ibex (Capra aegagrus blythi) in Pakistan as confirmed by detection of antigen and antibody,” Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 745–747, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus