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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 8034613, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8034613
Review Article

The Epidemiological, Morphological, and Clinical Aspects of the Cervical Ribs in Humans

1Department of Angiology, Interfaculty Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Łódź, Narutowicza 60, 90-136 Łódź, Poland
2Centre for Learning Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3Department of Radiological and Isotopic Diagnosis and Therapy, Medical University of Łódź, Ul. Żeromskiego, 11390-549 Łódź, Poland
4Department of Radiology, Medical University of Łódź, Kopcińskiego 22, 90-153 Łódź, Poland
5Department of Otolaryngology and Oncological Laryngology, Medical University of Łódź, Kopcińskiego 22, 90-153 Łódź, Poland
6Department of Normal and Clinical Anatomy, Interfaculty Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Łódź, Narutowicza 60, 90-136 Łódź, Poland

Received 12 July 2016; Revised 4 October 2016; Accepted 5 October 2016

Academic Editor: Adrian Dragu

Copyright © 2016 Łukasz Spadliński et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A familiarity with the anatomy of some types of bone anomalies is necessary for clinicians involved in many medical areas. The aim of this paper is to review the newest literature concerning the morphology, embryology, clinical image, and therapeutic methods of the cervical ribs in the humans. The incidence of cervical ribs has been found to vary from 0.58% in Malaysian population to 6.2% in Turkish population. Cervical ribs have clinical implications that are generally divided into neurological or vascular. This study is of particular importance for clinicians, as early identification of cervical ribs may prevent life-threatening complications.