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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8163098, 9 pages
Research Article

Multisensory Integration in the Virtual Hand Illusion with Active Movement

1Advanced Production Systems Engineering Course, National Institute of Technology, Gunma College, Maebashi, Japan
2College of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Japan
3Gungin System Service Co., Ltd., Maebashi, Japan

Received 2 June 2016; Revised 21 September 2016; Accepted 29 September 2016

Academic Editor: Jaehyo Kim

Copyright © 2016 Woong Choi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Improving the sense of immersion is one of the core issues in virtual reality. Perceptual illusions of ownership can be perceived over a virtual body in a multisensory virtual reality environment. Rubber Hand and Virtual Hand Illusions showed that body ownership can be manipulated by applying suitable visual and tactile stimulation. In this study, we investigate the effects of multisensory integration in the Virtual Hand Illusion with active movement. A virtual xylophone playing system which can interactively provide synchronous visual, tactile, and auditory stimulation was constructed. We conducted two experiments regarding different movement conditions and different sensory stimulations. Our results demonstrate that multisensory integration with free active movement can improve the sense of immersion in virtual reality.