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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 8340425, 11 pages
Research Article

Influence of Environmental Factors and Relationships between Vanadium, Chromium, and Calcium in Human Bone

1Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstancow Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
2Chair and Clinic of Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Unii Lubelskiej 1, 71-252 Szczecin, Poland
3Department of Health Education, University of Szczecin, Piastow 40B, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland
4Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstancow Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
5Independent Laboratory of Medical Rehabilitation, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska 54, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
6Chair of Microbiology and Immunological Diagnostic, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstancow Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland

Received 4 March 2016; Accepted 12 April 2016

Academic Editor: Juergen Buenger

Copyright © 2016 Natalia Lanocha-Arendarczyk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of environmental factors on the concentrations of vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), and calcium (Ca) and to examine the synergistic or antagonistic relationships between these metals, in cartilage (C), cortical bone (CB), and spongy bone (SB) samples obtained following hip joint surgery on patients with osteoarthritis in NW Poland. We found significantly higher concentrations of V and Cr in spongy bone in patients who consumed game meat and also those with prosthetic implants. Chromium levels were significantly lower in patients with kidney diseases. The greatest positive correlations were found between spongy bone V and (i) the amount of consumed beer and (ii) seafood diet. Correlation analysis also showed a significant correlation between Cr levels and seafood diet. To a certain extent these results indicate that the concentrations of V, Cr, and Ca in the human hip joint tissues are connected with occupational exposure, kidney diseases, diet containing game meat, sea food, beer, and the presence of implants. Furthermore, we noted new types of interactions in specific parts of the femoral head. Vanadium may contribute to the lower bone Ca levels, especially in the external parts (cartilage and cortical bone).