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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 8341487, 11 pages
Research Article

Overweight and General and Abdominal Obesity in a Representative Sample of Spanish Adults: Findings from the ANIBES Study

1VALORNUT Research Group, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University of Madrid, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
3CIBER: CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain
4Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada, Campus de la Salud, Avenida del Conocimiento, Armilla, 18100 Granada, Spain
5ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, C/Martín Fierro7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
6Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences & Medical School, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Edificio Departamental y de Investigación, Planta Baja Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe “Físico” s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain
7Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, CEU San Pablo University, Urbanización Montepríncipe, Carretera Boadilla km 5.3, Boadilla del Monte, 28668 Madrid, Spain
8Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN), C/General Álvarez de Castro 20, 1a pta, 28010 Madrid, Spain

Received 5 January 2016; Revised 22 April 2016; Accepted 18 May 2016

Academic Editor: Maciej Banach

Copyright © 2016 Ana M. López-Sobaler et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. To analyze the anthropometric parameters from a representative sample of Spanish adults participating in ANIBES study and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity. Methods. This cross-sectional study focused on 1655 adults aged 18–64 years. Weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) were evaluated, and body mass index (BMI) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. A composite index combining BMI and WHtR was designed to establish five groups with different anthropometric status. Results. The prevalence of overweight (OW) was 35.8% and that of obesity was 19.9%. Obesity (OB) was higher among men (OR 1.725, 1.415–2.104; ) and each year of age increased the risk of obesity (OR 1.054, 1.045–1.064; ). The prevalence of abdominal obesity (WHtR ≥ 0.5) was 58.4%. Only 36.1% of the population had an optimal anthropometric situation (BMI < 25 kg/m2, WHtR < 0.5), whereas 50.1% had weight excess and high WHtR (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, WHtR ≥ 0.5). Conclusions. More than half of Spanish population has weight excess and cardiometabolic risk. The results of this study provide an understanding of the current anthropometric situation in the Spanish population, as a first step toward planning interventions and assessing their effectiveness in the future.