Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 8341487, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8341487
Research Article

Overweight and General and Abdominal Obesity in a Representative Sample of Spanish Adults: Findings from the ANIBES Study

1VALORNUT Research Group, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University of Madrid, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
3CIBER: CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain
4Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada, Campus de la Salud, Avenida del Conocimiento, Armilla, 18100 Granada, Spain
5ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Technical University of Madrid, C/Martín Fierro7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
6Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences & Medical School, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Edificio Departamental y de Investigación, Planta Baja Paseo Blas Cabrera Felipe “Físico” s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain
7Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, CEU San Pablo University, Urbanización Montepríncipe, Carretera Boadilla km 5.3, Boadilla del Monte, 28668 Madrid, Spain
8Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN), C/General Álvarez de Castro 20, 1a pta, 28010 Madrid, Spain

Received 5 January 2016; Revised 22 April 2016; Accepted 18 May 2016

Academic Editor: Maciej Banach

Copyright © 2016 Ana M. López-Sobaler et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. M. Finucane, G. A. Stevens, M. J. Cowan et al., “National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9·1 million participants,” The Lancet, vol. 377, no. 9765, pp. 557–567, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Krzysztoszek, E. Wierzejska, and A. Zielińska, “Obesity. An analysis of epidemiological and prognostic research,” Archives of Medical Science, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 24–33, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs, and Gender and Social Services, Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2011-2012, Ministerio de Sanidad, Consumo, Igualdad y Servicios Sociales, Madrid, Spain, 2013.
  4. R. M. Ortega Anta, A. M. López-Sobaler, and N. Pérez-Farinós, “Associated factors of obesity in Spanish representative samples,” Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 56–62, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Rodríguez-Rodríguez, B. López-Plaza, A. M. López-Sobaler, and R. M. Ortega, “Overweight and obesity among Spanish adults,” Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 355–363, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. World Health Organization, “Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic: report of a WHO consultation,” WHO Technical Report Series 894, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  7. W. L. Anderson, J. M. Wiener, G. Khatutsky, and B. S. Armour, “Obesity and people with disabilities: the implications for health care expenditures,” Obesity, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. E798–E804, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. S. Anderson, T. J. Key, T. Norat et al., “European code against cancer 4th edition: obesity, body fatness and cancer,” Cancer Epidemiology, vol. 39, supplement 1, pp. S34–S45, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. D. P. Guh, W. Zhang, N. Bansback, Z. Amarsi, C. L. Birmingham, and A. H. Anis, “The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” BMC Public Health, vol. 9, article 88, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Koyanagi, M. V. Moneta, N. Garin et al., “The association between obesity and severe disability among adults aged 50 or over in nine high-income, middle-income and low-income countries: a cross-sectional study,” BMJ Open, vol. 5, no. 4, Article ID e007313, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Yatsuya, Y. Li, E. H. Hilawe et al., “Global trend in overweight and obesity and its association with cardiovascular disease incidence,” Circulation Journal, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 2807–2818, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. S. Papaetis, P. Papakyriakou, and T. N. Panagiotou, “Central obesity, type 2 diabetes and insulin: exploring a pathway full of thorns,” Archives of Medical Science, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 463–482, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. A. Greenberg, “Obesity and early mortality in the United States,” Obesity, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 405–412, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. V. H. Taylor, M. Forhan, S. N. Vigod, R. S. McIntyre, and K. M. Morrison, “The impact of obesity on quality of life,” Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 139–146, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. D. Chapman, C. Benedict, S. J. Brooks, and H. B. Schiöth, “Lifestyle determinants of the drive to eat: a meta-analysis,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 492–497, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. C. Wang, K. McPherson, T. Marsh, S. L. Gortmaker, and M. Brown, “Health and economic burden of the projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK,” The Lancet, vol. 378, no. 9793, pp. 815–825, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. González-Gross, M. J. Castillo, L. Moreno et al., “Feeding and assessment of nutritional status of spanish adolescents (AVENA study). Evaluation of risks and interventional proposal. I.Methodology,” Nutrición Hospitalaria. Suplementos, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 15–28, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  18. N. Pérez-Farinós, A. M. López-Sobaler, M. Á. Dal Re et al., “The ALADINO study: a national study of prevalence of overweight and obesity in spanish children in 2011,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 163687, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Aranceta-Bartrina, L. Serra-Majem, M. Foz-Sala et al., “Prevalence of obesity in Spain,” Medicina Clinica, vol. 125, no. 12, Article ID 112.295, pp. 460–483, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. E. Rodríguez-Rodríguez, R. M. Ortega, C. Palmeros, and A. M. López-Sobaler, “Risk factors of overweight and obesity in Spanish population,” Nutrición Clínica y Dietética Hospitalaria, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 39–49, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. J. L. Gutiérrez-Fisac, P. Guallar-Castillón, L. M. León-Muñoz, A. Graciani, J. R. Banegas, and F. Rodríguez-Artalejo, “Prevalence of general and abdominal obesity in the adult population of Spain, 2008-2010: the ENRICA study,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 388–392, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. Ruiz, J. M. Ávila, A. Castillo et al., “The ANIBES study on energy balance in Spain: design, protocol and methodology,” Nutrients, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 970–998, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. Ruiz, J. M. Ávila, T. Valero et al., “Energy intake, profile, and dietary sources in the spanish population: findings of the ANIBES study,” Nutrients, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 4739–4762, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Varela-Moreiras, J. M. Ávila, and E. Ruiz, “Energy balance, a new paradigm and methodological issues: the ANIBES study in Spain,” Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol. 31, supplement 3, pp. 101–112, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Biró, K. F. A. M. Hulshof, L. Ovesen, and J. A. Amorim Cruz, “Selection of methodology to assess food intake,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, supplement 2, pp. S25–S32, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Marfell-Jones, T. Olds, A. Stewart, and L. Carter, International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment, International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, Potchefstroom, South Africa, 2006.
  27. K. Keller, S. Rodríguez López, and M. M. Carmenate Moreno, “Association between meal intake behaviour and abdominal obesity in Spanish adults,” Appetite, vol. 92, pp. 1–6, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. J. Schneider, N. Friedrich, J. Klotsche et al., “The predictive value of different measures of obesity for incident cardiovascular events and mortality,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 1777–1785, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Ashwell and S. D. Hsieh, “Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity,” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 303–307, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. M. Browning, S. D. Hsieh, and M. Ashwell, “A systematic review of waist-to-height ratio as a screening tool for the prediction of cardiovascular disease and diabetes: 0.5 could be a suitable global boundary value,” Nutrition Research Reviews, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 247–269, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. R. Srinivasan, R. Wang, W. Chen, C. Y. Wei, J. Xu, and G. S. Berenson, “Utility of waist-to-height ratio in detecting central obesity and related adverse cardiovascular risk profile among normal weight younger adults (from the Bogalusa Heart Study),” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 721–724, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Low, M. C. Chin, and M. Deurenberg-Yap, “Review on epidemic of obesity,” Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 57–59, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Kowalkowska, R. Poínhos, B. Franchini et al., “General and abdominal adiposity in a representative sample of Portuguese adults: dependency of measures and socio-demographic factors’ influence,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 185–192, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. F. Schokker, T. L. S. Visscher, A. C. J. Nooyens, M. A. van Baak, and J. C. Seidell, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Netherlands,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 101–107, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Ivanova, P. Dimitrov, J. Dellava, and D. Hoffman, “Prevalence of obesity and overweight among urban adults in Bulgaria,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1407–1410, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Aranceta, C. Pérez-Rodrigo, L. Serra-Majem et al., “Estudio DORICA: dislipemia, obesidad y riesgo cardiovascular,” in Obesidad y Riesgo Cardiovascular, J. Aranceta, M. Foz, B. Gil et al., Eds., Editorial Médica Panamericana, pp. 125–156, Estudio DORICA, Madrid, Spain, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Stępień, M. Stępień, R. N. Wlazeł, M. Paradowski, M. Banach, and J. Rysz, “Assessment of the relationship between lipid parameters and obesity indices in non-diabetic obese patients: a preliminary report,” Medical Science Monitor, vol. 20, pp. 2683–2688, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. R. S. Gibson, Principles of Nutritional Assessment, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 2005.
  39. I. do Carmo, O. Dos Santos, J. Camolas et al., “Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 11–19, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. Ness-Abramof and C. M. Apovian, “Waist circumference measurement in clinical practice,” Nutrition in Clinical Practice, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 397–404, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Ashwell, P. Gunn, and S. Gibson, “Waist-to-height ratio is a better screening tool than waist circumference and BMI for adult cardiometabolic risk factors: systematic review and meta-analysis,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 275–286, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. A. Martínez-González, A. García-Arellano, E. Toledo et al., “Obesity indexes and total mortality among elderly subjects at high cardiovascular risk: The PREDIMED Study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 7, article e103246, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. S. R. Millar, I. J. Perry, and C. M. Phillips, “Assessing cardiometabolic risk in middle-aged adults using body mass index and waist-height ratio: are two indices better than one? A cross-sectional study,” Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome, vol. 7, article 73, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. H. Wang, J. Wang, M.-M. Liu et al., “Epidemiology of general obesity, abdominal obesity and related risk factors in urban adults from 33 communities of northeast china: the CHPSNE study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 12, article 967, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. J. Stevens, E. G. Katz, and R. R. Huxley, “Associations between gender, age and waist circumference,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 6–15, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. M. T. Martínez-Ros, M. J. Tormo, C. Navarro, M. D. Chirlaque, and D. Pérez-Flores, “Extremely high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Murcia, a Mediterranean region in south-east Spain,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1372–1380, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. I. Janssen, S. B. Heymsfield, D. B. Allison, D. P. Kotler, and R. Ross, “Body mass index and waist circumference independently contribute to the prediction of nonabdominal, abdominal subcutaneous, and visceral fat,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 683–688, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. I. Aeberli, M. Gut-Knabenhans, R. S. Kusche-Ammann, L. Molinari, and M. B. Zimmermann, “A composite score combining waist circumference and body mass index more accurately predicts body fat percentage in 6- to 13-year-old children,” European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 247–253, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus