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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8560519, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8560519
Research Article

Climate Change Is Increasing the Risk of the Reemergence of Malaria in Romania

1Department of Clinics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3 M. Sadoveanu, 700490 Iasi, Romania
2Department of Physics, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, 11 Carol I, 700506 Iasi, Romania
3“Dr. Victor Babes” Infectious and Tropical Diseases Clinical Hospital, 281 Mihai Bravu, District 3, Bucharest, Romania

Received 18 February 2016; Revised 28 June 2016; Accepted 7 August 2016

Academic Editor: Patricia Salgueiro

Copyright © 2016 Larisa Ivanescu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The climatic modifications lead to global warming; favouring the risk of the appearance and development of diseases are considered until now tropical diseases. Another important factor is the workers’ immigration, the economic crisis favouring the passive transmission of new species of culicidae from different areas. Malaria is the disease with the widest distribution in the globe. Millions of people are infected every year in Africa, India, South-East Asia, Middle East, and Central and South America, with more than 41% of the global population under the risk of infestation with malaria. The increase of the number of local cases reported in 2007–2011 indicates that the conditions can favour the high local transmission in the affected areas. In the situation presented, the establishment of the level of risk concerning the reemergence of malaria in Romania becomes a priority.