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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 9132198, 3 pages
Clinical Study

How Effective and Safe Is Bronchial Thermoplasty in “Real Life” Asthmatics Compared to Those Enrolled in Randomized Clinical Trials?

1Dipartimento di Biomedicina e Medicina Specialistica, Sezione di Pneumologia, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
2Interventional Endoscopic Unit, ARNAS Ospedale Civico Di Cristina Benfratelli, Palermo, Italy
3Pulmonology Unit, Department of Cardiology, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery and Critical Care Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera ASMN, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Received 20 June 2016; Accepted 24 August 2016

Academic Editor: Hiroto Matsuse

Copyright © 2016 Rita Arrigo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There is limited information on the efficacy and safety of bronchial thermoplasty (BT) in real life. We evaluated the outcomes of the randomized clinical trials for BT in severe asthmatics, in whom the exclusion criteria were not strictly controlled. A case series of seven asthmatics (M/F: 4/3; age: years) is reported. Subjects had a statistically significant improvement in AQLQ (from a mean of to and after 6 and 12 months of treatment; ) and in the ACQ score (from to and after 6 and 12 months; ). In the year after BT, severe exacerbations, salbutamol use, and OCS use were significantly lower compared with the 1-yr pretreatment period (). No ED visits and hospitalization occurred in the year after BT. No changes in functional parameters were recorded. Our investigation confirms the safety and efficacy of BT in severe asthmatics in real life settings.