Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 9392716, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9392716
Research Article

Antibacterial and Antioxidant Properties of the Leaves and Stem Essential Oils of Jatropha gossypifolia L.

1SAMRC Microbial Water Quality Monitoring Centre, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
2Applied and Environmental Microbiology Research Group (AEMREG), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
3Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa

Received 6 April 2016; Revised 7 June 2016; Accepted 12 July 2016

Academic Editor: Cristina Martínez-Villaluenga

Copyright © 2016 Sunday O. Okoh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Aly and H. H. Balkhy, “The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in clinical isolates from Gulf Corporation Council countries,” Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, vol. 1, article 26, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. K. Saeed, A. M. Kambal, and N. A. El-Khizzi, “Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in a general intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 1341–1349, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  3. N. Witayapan, C. Sombat, and O. Siriporn, “Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Hyptis suaveolens essential oil,” Scientia Pharmaceutica, vol. 75, pp. 35–46, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. P. Peñalver, B. Huerta, C. Borge, R. Astorga, R. Romero, and A. Perea, “Antimicrobial activity of five essential oils against origin strains of the Enterobacteriaceae family,” Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck, and M. Idaomar, “Biological effects of essential oils—a review,” Journal of Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 446–475, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. I. Nweze and J. I. Okafor, “Activities of a wide range of medicinal plants and Essential oil vs. Scedospaorium isolates,” American-Eurasian Journal Research, vol. 5, pp. 161–169, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  7. G. E. Trease and W. C. Evans, “Basic resources for pharmacy education,” in Pharmacognosy and Natural Products, eBook, Edinburgh, Scotland, 16th edition, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. Paul, R. C. Dubey, D. K. Maheswari, and S. C. Kang, “Trachyspermum ammi (L.) fruit essential oil influencing on membrane permeability and surface characteristics in inhibiting food-borne pathogens,” Food Control, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 725–731, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Morten, T. L. Mygind, and M. Rikke, “Essential oils in food preservation: mode of action synergies and interactions with food matrix components,” Front Microbiology, vol. 3, article 12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. A. P. Murray, M. A. Rodriguez, M. A. Frontera, and M. C. Mulet, “Antioxidant metabolites from Limonium brasiliense (Boiss.) Kuntze,” Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, vol. 59, no. 7-8, pp. 477–480, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  11. G. Nagendrappa, “An appreciation of free radical chemistry 3. Free radicals in diseases and health,” Resonance, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 65–74, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. S. Saikat, R. Chakraborty, C. Y. Sridhar, S. R. Reddy, and D. Biplab, “Free radicals, antioxidants diseases and phytomedicine: current status and future prospect,” International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, vol. 3, pp. 91–100, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Sanz and R. K. A. Stefanatos, “The mitochondrial free radical theory of aging: a critical view,” Current Aging Science, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 10–21, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. I. Liochev, “Reactive oxygen species and the free radical theory of aging,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 60, pp. 1–4, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Tuttolomondo, S. La Bella, M. Licata et al., “Biomolecular characterization of wild sicilian oregano: phytochemical screening of essential oils and extracts, and evaluation of their antioxidant activities,” Chemistry and Biodiversity, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 411–433, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. D. Penoel and R. Penoel, Natural Health Care Using Essential Oils, Abundant Health, Auckland, New Zealand, 2012, http://www.abundanthealth4u.com.
  17. W. Wang, N. Wu, G. Zu, and Y. Fu, “Antioxidative activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil compared to its main components,” Food Chemistry, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 1019–1022, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. N. Chidambara Murthy, G. K. Jayaprakasha, and B. S. Patil, “Anti-inflammatory mediated applications of monoterpenes found in fruits,” ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1129, pp. 121–131, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. Oskoueian, N. Abdullah, W. Z. Saad et al., “Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of methanolic extracts from Jatropha curcas Linn,” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 49–57, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Kayode and M. A. Omatoyinbo, “Ethnobotanical utilization and conservation of chewing sticks plants species in Ekiti state, Nigeria,” Research Journal of Botany, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Oduola, O. G. Avwioro, and T. B. Ayanniyi, “Suitability of the leaf extract of Jatropha gossypifolia as an anticoagulant for biochemical and haematological analyses,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 679–681, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Seth and R. Sarin, “Analysis of the Phytochemicals content and anti-microbial activity of Jatropha gossypifolia,” International Journal of Molecular Science, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 4417–4425, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. C. Lans, “Secondary metabolite compounds from Jatropha species,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1–12, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. S. A. Aboaba, M. A. Adebayo, I. A. Ogunwande, and T. O. Olayiwola, “Volatile Constituents of Jatropha gossypifolia L. grown in Nigeria,” American Journal of Essential oils and Natural products, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 8–11, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  25. S. O. Okoh, O. T. Asekun, O. B. Familoni, and A. J. Afolayan, “Composition and antioxidant activities of leaf and root volatile oils of Morinda lucida,” Natural Product Communications, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 1537–1541, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Adlard and J. Alan, Gas Chromatographic Techniques and Applications, Sheffield Academic, London, UK, 2001.
  27. C. M. Liyana-Pathirana and F. Shahidi, “Antioxidant properties of the essential oils from lemon, grape, coriander, clove and their mixtures,” Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 86, pp. 477–485, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  28. R. Re, N. Pellegrini, A. Proteggente, A. Pannala, M. Yang, and C. Rice-Evans, “Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolorization assay,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 26, no. 9-10, pp. 1231–1237, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. A. Badmus, O. A. Odunola, E. M. Obuotor, and O. O. Oyedapo, “Phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant potentials of defatted methanolic extract of Holarrhena floribunda leaves,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 340–346, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. I. K. Makhija, R. H. N. Aswatha, C. S. Shreedhara, K. S. Vijay, and R. Devkar, “In-vitro antioxidant studies of Sitopaladi churna, a polyherbal Ayurvedic formulation,” Free Radicals and Antioxidants, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 37–41, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  31. D. Giustarini, R. Rossi, A. Milzani, and I. Dalle-Donne, “Nitrite and nitrate measurement by griess reagent in human plasma: evaluation of interferences and standardization,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 440, pp. 361–380, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. O. Okoh, O. T. Asekun, O. B. Familoni, and A. J. Afolayan, “Volatile constituents and antioxidant activity of essential oils extracted from leaf and of stem Jatropha gossypifolia (L),” in Proceedings of the Abstracts of Pittsburgh Conference, Symposium and Exhibition on Analytical Chemistry & Applied Spectroscopy, p. 2440, Orlando, Fla, USA, 2012.
  33. V. Bharathy, B. M. Sumathy, and F. Uthayakumari, “Determination of phytocomponents by GC-MS in leaves of Jatropha gossypifolia L.,” Science Research Reporter, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 286–290, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  34. J. M. dos Resi, W. F. da Costa, M. Sandro, D. de Lara, and R. C. da Silva, “Assessment of chemical composition and toxicity of the essential oil of leaves and fruits of Jatropha gossypifolia L.,” Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologicas, Londrina, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 185–192, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  35. M. Serrano, D. Martínez-Romero, F. Guillén et al., “The addition of essential oils to MAP as a tool to maintain the overall quality of fruits,” Trends in Food Science and Technology, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 464–471, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. I. S. Probst, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, A. A. H. Fernandes, and A. Fernandes, “Antimicrobial activity of propolis and essential oils and synergism between these natural products,” Journal of Vernomous Animal and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 157–169, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  37. J. R. Perussi, “Photodynamic inactivation of microorganisms,” Quimica Nova, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 988–994, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. Sacchetti, S. Maietti, M. Muzzoli et al., “Comparative evaluation of 11 essential oils of different origin as functional antioxidants, antiradicals and antimicrobials in foods,” Food Chemistry, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 621–632, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. Garedew, E. Schmolz, and I. Lamprechts, “Microbiological and calorimetric investigation on the antimicrobiobial actions of different propolis extracts: an in- vitro approach,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 422, no. 1, pp. 115–124, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  40. A. Guerrini, G. Sacchetti, D. Rossi et al., “Bioactivities of Piper aduncum L. and Piper obliquum Ruiz & Pavon (Piperaceae) essential oils from Eastern Ecuador,” Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 39–48, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Valko, D. Leibfritz, J. Moncol, M. T. D. Cronin, M. Mazur, and J. Telser, “Free radicals and antioxidants in normal physiological functions and human disease,” International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 44–84, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. C. C. de Menezes Patrício Santos, M. S. Salvadori, V. G. Mota et al., “Antinociceptive and antioxidant activities of phytol in vivo and in vitro models,” Neuroscience Journal, vol. 2013, Article ID 949452, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. A. E. Edris, “Pharmaceutical and therapeutic potentials of essential oils and their individual volatile constituents: a review,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 308–323, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. Luh, S. Wong, and E. El-Shimi, “Effect of processing on some chemical constituents of Pistachio nuts,” Journal of Food Quality, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33–41, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  45. D. Trombetta, F. Castelli, M. G. Sarpietro et al., “Mechanisms of antibacterial action of three monoterpenes,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 2474–2478, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. L. Rozza, F. M. de Faria, A. R. S. Brito, and C. H. Pellizzon, “The gastroprotective effect of menthol: involvement of anti-apoptotic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, Article ID e86686, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. S. C. Chaudhary, M. S. Siddiqui, M. Athar, and M. S. Alam, “d-Limonene modulates inflammation, oxidative stress and Ras-ERK pathway to inhibit murine skin tumorigenesis,” Human & Experimental Toxicology, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 798–811, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. Y. Takahashi, N. Inaba, S. Kuwahara, and W. Kuki, “Antioxidative effect of citrus essential oil components on human low-density lipoprotein in vitro,” Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 195–197, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. C. Foti and R. Amorati, “Non-phenolic radical-trapping antioxidants,” Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 1435–1448, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. T. Paz-Elizur, Z. Sevilya, Y. Leitner-Dagan, D. Elinger, L. C. Roisman, and Z. Livneh, “DNA repair of oxidative DNA damage in human carcinogenesis: potential application for cancer risk assessment and prevention,” Cancer Letters, vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 60–72, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. Y. Naito, K. Uchiyama, and T. Yoshikawa, “Oxidative stress involvement in diabetic nephropathy and its prevention by astaxanthin,” Oxidative Stress and Disease, vol. 21, pp. 235–242, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  52. M. A. Fini, R. J. Johnson, K. R. Stenmark, and R. M. Wright, “Hypertension, nitrite, xanthine oxidoreductase catalyzed nitric oxide generation: pros and cons. Hypertension,62, e9. floribunda leaf,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 9, pp. 340–346, 2013. View at Google Scholar