BioMed Research International / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Urinary 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxypropionic Acid, 3-Hydroxyphenylacetic Acid, and 3-Hydroxyhippuric Acid Are Elevated in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Table 1

Aromatic markers found in the ASDs group and the control group.

Case statusMeasureAge (year)HPHPA
(mmol/mol creatinine)
3HPA
(mmol/mol creatinine)
3HHA
(mmol/mol creatinine)

Control ()Frequency15/621/624/62
Mean3.4515.530.611.12
Range1.5–7.00–147.20–38.10–32.3
Std. dev.1.6231.564.824.89

ASDs ()Frequency50/6218/6221/62
Mean ( value)3.69 (0.407)244.18 (3.25E − 10)57.99 (1.48E − 4)31.02 (6.34E − 4)
Range1.5–7.00–1282.40–543.20–370.2
Std. dev.1.62261.03115.2566.94

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