Figure 8: Expression of antioxidant genes of control and GDM rats. SOD, CAT, and GPX genes were lower in the GDM group compared to control, in both initial and final phases at final phase of GDM compared to the initial phase. Data shown as mean ± SD of four rats. For each parameter, a value with the asterisk signifies and the absence of asterisk indicates otherwise. value less than 0.0001 was designated with four () asterisks.