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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 1089696, 8 pages
Research Article

Start-Up and Aeration Strategies for a Completely Autotrophic Nitrogen Removal Process in an SBR

1School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
2Key Laboratory of Subsurface Hydrology and Ecological Effect in Arid Regions, Ministry of Education, Xi’an 710064, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xiaoling Zhang; moc.621@101gniloaixgnahz

Received 7 October 2017; Accepted 23 November 2017; Published 13 December 2017

Academic Editor: Bin Ma

Copyright © 2017 Xiaoling Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The start-up and performance of the completely autotrophic nitrogen removal via nitrite (CANON) process were examined in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with intermittent aeration. Initially, partial nitrification was established, and then the DO concentration was lowered further, surplus water in the SBR with high nitrite was replaced with tap water, and continuous aeration mode was turned into intermittent aeration mode, while the removal of total nitrogen was still weak. However, the total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency and nitrogen removal loading reached 83.07% and 0.422 kgN/(m3·d), respectively, 14 days after inoculating 0.15 g of CANON biofilm biomass into the SBR. The aggregates formed in SBR were the mixture of activated sludge and granular sludge; the volume ratio of floc and granular sludge was 7 : 3. DNA analysis showed that Planctomycetes-like anammox bacteria and Nitrosomonas-like aerobic ammonium oxidization bacteria were dominant bacteria in the reactor. The influence of aeration strategies on CANON process was investigated using batch tests. The result showed that the strategy of alternating aeration (1 h) and nonaeration (1 h) was optimum, which can obtain almost the same TN removal efficiency as continuous aeration while reducing the energy consumption, inhibiting the activity of NOB, and enhancing the activity of AAOB.