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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1218798, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1218798
Research Article

Evaluation of Two Supplemented Culture Media for Long-Term, Room-Temperature Preservation of Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains

1Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida 5101, Venezuela
2Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioanálisis, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida 5101, Venezuela

Correspondence should be addressed to Beatriz Quintero Moreno; moc.oohay@attarbniuqzirtaeb

Received 19 July 2017; Accepted 22 October 2017; Published 22 November 2017

Academic Editor: Urszula Demkow

Copyright © 2017 Beatriz Quintero Moreno et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To produce two supplemented agar types in order to store pneumococci for several months at room temperature. Methods. Todd-Hewitt/Hemoglobin/Yeast/Charcoal/Agar (TH-HYC) and Todd-Hewitt/Skim-Milk/Yeast/Charcoal/Agar (TH-SYC) were used to prepare two supplemented agar types. Nineteen pneumococci isolated from patients or asymptomatic carriers displaying diverse serotypes and multilocus sequence types (MLST) were subcultured and stored onto supplemented agar types, in four different tests, at room temperature. Findings. At the end of all tests (4–6 months) all noncontaminated subcultures were viable and maintained all phenotypic characteristics. Survival-time curves revealed a slow decrease of viable CFU over time on agar types, but at the end the number of viable CFU was satisfactory (≥2+ of growth). Decreasing of CFU was significantly higher for clinical versus nasopharyngeal isolates. Subcultures contamination rates were 6.25% and 14.58% after 2 and 6 months of storage, respectively. Conclusion. TH-HYC and TH-SYC agar types allowed the viability of pneumococci with several serotypes, MLST, and genetic profiles, after 6 months of storage at room temperature. We consider that these agar types are a valid alternative to preserve pneumococci over an extended period, especially when methods as cryopreservation or lyophilization are not available, and are useful for transporting strains between laboratories.