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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2546862, 8 pages
Research Article

Promoting Mental Health in Italian Middle and High School: A Pilot Study

1Dipartimento di Salute Mentale di Campobasso, ASReM, Campobasso, Italy
2Regione Molise, Campobasso, Italy
3Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Franco Veltro

Received 2 March 2017; Revised 26 April 2017; Accepted 30 April 2017; Published 31 May 2017

Academic Editor: Heiko Reutter

Copyright © 2017 Franco Veltro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aim. In Italy, a handbook has been developed based on the principles of cooperative learning, life skills, self-effectiveness, and problem-solving at high school level. Early studies have shown the handbook’s effectiveness. It has been hypothesized that the revised handbook could be more effective in middle schools. Method. The study design is a “pre- and posttest” that compares the results obtained from 91 students of the high schools with those of the 38 students from middle schools. The assessment was made through “self-reporting” questionnaires of (a) learning skills including problem-solving and (b) perceived self-efficacy in managing emotions, dysfunctional beliefs, and unhealthy behaviours (i.e., drinking/smoking). Results. Significant improvements were observed in both groups with the exceptions of perceived self-efficacy in managing emotions. The improvement of dysfunctional beliefs and the learning of problem-solving skills were better in middle schools. Conclusion. The results confirm the authors’ hypothesis that the use of this approach is much more promising in middle school.