Table 2: Physical and chemical characteristics of Dutch commercial casing.

ParameterValue

pH (1 : 5, v/v)8.26 ± 0.05
Electrical conductivity (1 : 5, v/v; μS cm−1)231 ± 2
Particle real density (g mL−1)1.759 ± 0.009
Ash (g kg−1)286.7 ± 9.4
Bulk density, wet (g mL−1)0.613 ± 0.009
Moisture (g kg−1)831 ± 0.8
Bulk density, dry (g mL−1)0.104 ± 0.001
Total pore space (mL L−1)941 ± 1
Water-holding capacity (kg kg−1)6.97 ± 0.31
Organic matter (g kg−1)713.3 ± 9.4
Nitrogen (g kg−1)8.6 ± 0.3
Carbone/nitrogen48.1 ± 0.8
Total carbonates (g kg−1)137 ± 7
Active lime (g kg−1)55 ± 2

Each value is expressed as mean ± standard deviation ().