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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2768546, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2768546
Research Article

Effect of Lower and Upper Body High Intensity Training on Genes Associated with Cellular Stress Response

1Department of Life Sciences, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland
2Department of Gymnastics and Dance, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland
3Department of Theory of Sport and Human Motorics, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland
4Institute of Physical Education, Kazimierz Wielki University, Sportowa 2, 85-091 Bydgoszcz, Poland
5Department of Sport for All, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Małgorzata Żychowska; moc.liamg@m.akswohcyz

Received 6 January 2017; Accepted 20 April 2017; Published 15 May 2017

Academic Editor: Takashi Yazawa

Copyright © 2017 Małgorzata Żychowska et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study aimed to compare the effect of upper and lower body high intensity exercise (HIE) on select gene expression in athletes. Fourteen elite male artistic gymnasts (age years; weight  kg; fat free mass  kg; height  m) performed lower and upper body 30 s Wingate Tests (WAnTs) before and after eight weeks of specific HIIT. Two milliliters of blood was collected before and after (5, 30 min, resp.) lower and upper body WAnTs, and select gene expression was determined by PCR. Eight weeks of HIIT caused a significant increase in maximal power (722 to 751 Wat), relative peak power in the lower body WAnTs (10.1 to 11 W/kg), mean power (444 to 464 W), and relative mean power (6.5 to 6.8 W/kg). No significant differences in lower versus upper body gene expression were detected after HIIT, and a significant decrease in the IL6/IL10 ratio was observed after lower (−20.57 ) and upper (−20.5 ) WAnTs following eight weeks of HIIT. It is hypothesized that a similar adaptive response to exercise may be obtained by lower and upper body exercise.