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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2867653, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2867653
Research Article

A Key Major Guideline for Engineering Bioactive Multicomponent Nanofunctionalization for Biomedicine and Other Applications: Fundamental Models Confirmed by Both Direct and Indirect Evidence

1Textile Engineering Department, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
2German Institutes of Textile and Fiber Research Denkendorf, Koerschtalstrasse 26, 73770 Denkendorf, Germany
3Microbiological Laboratory, Boomazma Co., Yazd Science and Technology Park, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Roya Dastjerdi; moc.oohay@xetoibonan

Received 3 August 2017; Accepted 4 October 2017; Published 29 November 2017

Academic Editor: Jinsong Ren

Copyright © 2017 Roya Dastjerdi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper deals with the engineering multicomponent nanofunctionalization process considering fundamental physicochemical features of nanostructures such as surface energy, chemical bonds, and electrostatic interactions. It is pursued by modeling the surface nanopatterning and evaluating the proposed technique and the models. To this end, the effects of surface modifications of nanoclay on surface interactions, orientations, and final features of TiO2/Mt nanocolloidal textiles functionalization have been investigated. Various properties of cross-linkable polysiloxanes (XPs) treated samples as well as untreated samples with XPs have been compared to one another. The complete series of samples have been examined in terms of bioactivity and some physical properties, given to provide indirect evidence on the surface nanopatterning. The results disclosed a key role of the selected factors on the final features of treated surfaces. The effects have been thoroughly explained and modeled according to the fundamental physicochemical features. The developed models and associated hypotheses interestingly demonstrated a full agreement with all measured properties and were appreciably confirmed by FESEM evidence (direct evidence). Accordingly, a guideline has been developed to facilitate engineering and optimizing the pre-, main, and post-multicomponent nanofunctionalization procedures in terms of fundamental features of nanostructures and substrates for biomedical applications and other approaches.