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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 3195369, 6 pages
Research Article

Developing an App by Exploiting Web-Based Mobile Technology to Inspect Controlled Substances in Patient Care Units

1Department of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3Division of Medical Information, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Yaw-Bin Huang; wt.ude.umk@uhibay

Received 19 August 2016; Revised 20 January 2017; Accepted 24 January 2017; Published 14 February 2017

Academic Editor: Rita Casadio

Copyright © 2017 Ying-Hao Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We selected iOS in this study as the App operation system, Objective-C as the programming language, and Oracle as the database to develop an App to inspect controlled substances in patient care units. Using a web-enabled smartphone, pharmacist inspection can be performed on site and the inspection result can be directly recorded into HIS through the Internet, so human error of data translation can be minimized and the work efficiency and data processing can be improved. This system not only is fast and convenient compared to the conventional paperwork, but also provides data security and accuracy. In addition, there are several features to increase inspecting quality: (1) accuracy of drug appearance, (2) foolproof mechanism to avoid input errors or miss, (3) automatic data conversion without human judgments, (4) online alarm of expiry date, and (5) instant inspection result to show not meted items. This study has successfully turned paper-based medication inspection into inspection using a web-based mobile device.