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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3270617, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3270617
Research Article

Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy Is an Independent Risk Factor for Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

1Department of Endocrinology, Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
2Department of Endocrinology, Drum Tower Clinical Medical College, Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Dalong Zhu; nc.ude.ujn@gnoladuhz

Received 15 February 2017; Accepted 9 May 2017; Published 30 May 2017

Academic Editor: Michael Gotzmann

Copyright © 2017 Jiewen Jin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. This study aimed to evaluate the association between cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in type 2 diabetes patients. Methods. 315 type 2 diabetes patients from inpatients of Drum Tower Hospital were included and classified into no CAN (NCAN), possible CAN (PCAN), and definite CAN (DCAN) based on cardiovascular autonomic reflex tests. The left ventricular diastolic function was assessed by tissue Doppler imaging echocardiography. Results. The distribution of NCAN, PCAN, and DCAN was 11.4%, 51.1%, and 37.5%, respectively. The proportion of LVDD increased among the groups of NCAN, PCAN, and DCAN (39.4%, 45.3%, and 68.0%, ). Patients with DCAN had higher filling pressure ( ratio) ( versus , ) and impaired diastolic performance () ( versus , ) compared with NCAN. CAN was found to be an independent risk factor for LVDD from the multivariate regression analysis (OR = 1.628, , 95% CI 1.131–2.344). Conclusions. Our results indicated that CAN was an independent risk marker for the presence of LVDD in patients with diabetes. Early diagnosis and treatment of CAN are advocated for preventing LVDD in type 2 diabetes.