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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 3639596, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3639596
Research Article

Coproduction of Research Questions and Research Evidence in Public Health: The Study to Prevent Teen Drinking Parties

1Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
2Center for Research on Substance Use and Addiction, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
3SparksInitiatives, 1667-A South Kihei Road, Kihei, HI 96753, USA
4Center for Injury Research and Policy, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
5Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America, 625 Slaters Lane, Suite 300, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
6Long Beach AWARE, 20 W Park Avenue, Suite 303, Long Beach, NY 11561, USA
7Community Science, 438 N. Frederick Avenue, Suite 315, Gaithersburg, MD 20877, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Mark Wolfson; ude.htlaehekaw@nosflowm

Received 30 December 2016; Revised 20 March 2017; Accepted 23 April 2017; Published 14 June 2017

Academic Editor: Ien A. M. Van De Goor

Copyright © 2017 Mark Wolfson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) provides a set of principles and practices intended to foster coproduction of knowledge. However, CBPR often has shortcomings when applied to population-level policy and practice interventions, including a focus on single communities and a lack of focus on policy change. At the same time, community trials focused on policy have shortcomings, including lack of stakeholder involvement in framing research questions and modest engagement in study implementation and interpretation and dissemination of results. We describe an attempt to hybridize CBPR and community trials by creating a partnership that included a national membership organization, a coalition advisory board, intervention and delayed intervention communities, and an academic study team, which collaborated on a study of community strategies to prevent underage drinking parties. We use qualitative and quantitative data to critically assess the partnership. Areas where the partnership was effective included (1) identifying a research question with high public health significance, (2) enhancing the intervention, and (3) improving research methods. Challenges included community coalition representatives’ greater focus on their own communities rather than the production of broader scientific knowledge. This model can be applied in future attempts to narrow the gap between research, policy, and practice.