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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 4105375, 7 pages
Research Article

Vitamin D and Parathyroid Hormone Status in Female Garment Workers: A Case-Control Study in Bangladesh

1Department of Biochemistry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gonoshasthaya Samaj Vittik Medical College and Hospital, Gono University, Savar, Dhaka 1344, Bangladesh
3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh

Correspondence should be addressed to Nurshad Ali; moc.oohay@dbur_run

Received 24 November 2016; Accepted 13 February 2017; Published 3 April 2017

Academic Editor: Sebastian Straube

Copyright © 2017 Shakil Mahmood et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Despite the abundant sunlight, vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. Information on vitamin D level is insufficient in adults particularly in female garment workers in Bangladesh. This study was designed to evaluate the status of vitamin D, parathormone (PTH), calcium, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) among the female garment workers in Bangladesh. Blood samples were collected from female garment workers (, case group) and general female workers (, control group) in Dhaka. Serum vitamin D, PTH, calcium, and ALP were measured by chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay. The mean level of vitamin D was significantly () lower in case ( ng/mL) than in the control ( ng/mL) group. No significant difference was found at mean of PTH and calcium between case ( pg/mL;  mg/dL, resp.) and control ( pg/mL;  mg/dL, resp.) group. The mean ALP in case ( U/L) group was significantly () higher than the control group ( U/L). Overall, PTH level did not show significant correlation with vitamin D. However, calcium and ALP levels showed a significant positive () and negative () correlation with vitamin D, respectively. This study indicates a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the female garment workers in Bangladesh.