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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4126740, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4126740
Review Article

Clinicopathological Characteristics, Treatment, and Prognosis of Rarely Primary Epididymal Adenocarcinoma: A Review and Update

1Institute of Urology, Department of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
2Department of Urology, Sichuan Cancer Hospital & Institute, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
3Department of Urology, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian 350001, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhi-hong Liu

Received 27 September 2017; Revised 22 November 2017; Accepted 28 November 2017; Published 20 December 2017

Academic Editor: Ondrej Hes

Copyright © 2017 Zi-jun Zou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Primary epididymal adenocarcinoma (PEA) is exceedingly rare. Only 22 cases had been published worldwide by 2008; nearly 80% of these cases were reported before 2007. In order to investigate the current clinical status of PEA, we search for relevant literatures with “epididymis and adenocarcinoma” and “epididymal and adenocarcinoma” as keywords published between January 1997 and November 2017 in PubMed. As a result, 17 cases are identified. We review these cases and summarize new and important perspectives about the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of PEA in the present review.