Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 4385620, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4385620
Review Article

Could the Topping-Off Technique Be the Preventive Strategy against Adjacent Segment Disease after Pedicle Screw-Based Fusion in Lumbar Degenerative Diseases? A Systematic Review

1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
2School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheung Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Cheng-Li Lin; moc.liamg@49ilgnej

Received 25 July 2016; Accepted 10 November 2016; Published 22 February 2017

Academic Editor: Jiancheng Zeng

Copyright © 2017 Po-Hsin Chou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. K. Lingutla, R. Pollock, E. Benomran et al., “Outcome of lumbar spinal fusion surgery in obese patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—British Volume, vol. 97, no. 10, pp. 1395–1404, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. Y. Carreon, S. D. Glassman, and J. Howard, “Fusion and nonsurgical treatment for symptomatic lumbar degenerative disease: a systematic review of Oswestry Disability Index and MOS Short Form-36 outcomes,” Spine Journal, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 747–755, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. Ghiselli, J. C. Wang, N. N. Bhatia, W. K. Hsu, and E. G. Dawson, “Adjacent segment degeneration in the lumbar spine,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 86, no. 7, pp. 1497–1503, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Park, H. J. Garton, V. C. Gala, J. T. Hoff, and J. E. McGillicuddy, “Adjacent segment disease after lumbar or lumbosacral fusion: review of the literature,” Spine, vol. 29, no. 17, pp. 1938–1944, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Kumar, A. Baklanov, and D. Chopin, “Correlation between sagittal plane changes and adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar spine fusion,” European Spine Journal, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 314–319, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. M. Phillips, G. D. Carlson, H. H. Bohlman, and S. S. Hughes, “Results of surgery for spinal stenosis adjacent to previous lumbar fusion,” Journal of Spinal Disorders, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 432–437, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. J. Chen, P. L. Lai, C. C. Niu, L. H. Chen, T. S. Fu, and C. B. Wong, “Surgical treatment of adjacent instability after lumbar spine fusion,” Spine, vol. 26, no. 22, pp. E519–E524, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Aota, K. Kumano, and S. Hirabayashi, “Postfusion instability at the adjacent segments after rigid pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar spinal disorders,” Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 464–473, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Etebar and D. W. Cahill, “Risk factors for adjacent-segment failure following lumbar fixation with rigid instrumentation for degenerative instability,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 163–169, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H.-Y. Liu, J. Zhou, B. Wang et al., “Comparison of topping-off and posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery in lumbar degenerative disease: a retrospective study,” Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 125, no. 22, pp. 3942–3946, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. Zhu, C. Liu, K. Wang et al., “Topping-off technique prevents aggravation of degeneration of adjacent segment fusion revealed by retrospective and finite element biomechanical analysis,” Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, vol. 10, article no. 10, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Khoueir, K. A. Kim, and M. Y. Wang, “Classification of posterior dynamic stabilization devices,” Neurosurgical focus, vol. 22, no. 1, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Formica, L. Cavagnaro, M. Basso, A. Zanirato, L. Felli, and C. Formica, “Is it possible to preserve lumbar lordosis after hybrid stabilization? Preliminary results of a novel rigid–dynamic stabilization system in degenerative lumbar pathologies,” European Spine Journal, vol. 24, pp. 849–854, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Putzier, E. Hoff, S. Tohtz, C. Gross, C. Perka, and P. Strube, “Dynamic stabilization adjacent to single-level fusion: part II. No clinical benefit for asymptomatic, initially degenerated adjacent segments after 6 years follow-up,” European Spine Journal, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2181–2189, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Imagama, N. Kawakami, Y. Matsubara, T. Kanemura, T. Tsuji, and T. Ohara, “Preventive effect of artificial ligamentous stabilization on the upper adjacent segment impairment following posterior lumbar interbody fusion,” Spine, vol. 34, no. 25, pp. 2775–2781, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Lu, P.-C. Liliang, H.-K. Wang et al., “Reduction in adjacent-segment degeneration after multilevel posterior lumbar interbody fusion with proximal DIAM implantation,” Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 190–196, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C.-H. Lee, S.-J. Hyun, K.-J. Kim, T.-A. Jahng, S. H. Yoon, and H.-J. Kim, “The efficacy of lumbar hybrid stabilization using the DIAM to delay adjacent segment degeneration: an intervention comparison study with a minimum 2-year follow-up,” Neurosurgery, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. ons224–ons232, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Korovessis, T. Repantis, S. Zacharatos, and A. Zafiropoulos, “Does Wallis implant reduce adjacent segment degeneration above lumbosacral instrumented fusion?” European Spine Journal, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 830–840, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Panic, E. Leoncini, G. De Belvis, W. Ricciardi, and S. Boccia, “Evaluation of the endorsement of the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement on the quality of published systematic review and meta-analyses,” PLOS ONE, vol. 8, Article ID e83138, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Shamseer, D. Moher, M. Clarke et al., “Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015: elaboration and explanation,” BMJ, vol. 349, Article ID g7647, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. “The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Quality assessment tool for case series studies,” https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-pro/guidelines/in-develop/cardiovascular-risk-reduction/tools/case_series.
  22. C. S. Lee, C. J. Hwang, S. W. Lee et al., “Risk factors for adjacent segment disease after lumbar fusion,” European Spine Journal, vol. 18, article 1637, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. A. F. Mannion, G. Leivseth, J.-I. Brox, P. Fritzell, O. Hägg, and J. C. T. Fairbank, “ISSLS prize winner: long-term follow-up suggests spinal fusion is associated with increased adjacent segment disc degeneration but without influence on clinical outcome: results of a combined follow-up from 4 randomized controlled trials,” Spine, vol. 39, no. 17, pp. 1373–1383, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. D. Rahm and B. B. Hall, “Adjacent-segment degeneration after lumbar fusion with instrumentation: a retrospective study,” Journal of Spinal Disorders, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 392–400, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. D. Schlegel, J. A. Smith, and R. L. Schleusener, “Lumbar motion segment pathology adjacent to thoracolumbar, lumbar, and lumbosacral fusions,” Spine, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 970–981, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Umehara, M. R. Zindrick, A. G. Patwardhan et al., “The biomechanical effect of postoperative hypolordosis in instrumented lumbar fusion on instrumented and adjacent spinal segments,” Spine, vol. 25, no. 13, pp. 1617–1624, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H.-J. Wilke, P. Neef, M. Caimi, T. Hoogland, and L. E. Claes, “New in vivo measurements of pressures in the intervertebral disc in daily life,” Spine, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 755–762, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Wimmer, H. Gluch, M. Krismer, M. Ogon, and R. Jesenko, “AP-translation in the proximal disc adjacent to lumbar spine fusion,” Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 269–272, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Y. Yang, J. Lee, and H. Song, “The impact of adjacent segment degeneration on the clinical outcome after lumbar spinal fusion,” Spine, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 503–507, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. L. L. Wiltse, S. E. Radecki, H. M. Biel et al., “Comparative study of the incidence and severity of degenerative change in the transition zones after instrumented versus noninstrumented fusions of the lumbar spine,” Journal of Spinal Disorders, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 27–33, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. M. Bellini, F. Galbusera, M. T. Raimondi, G. V. Mineo, and M. Brayda-Bruno, “Biomechanics of the lumbar spine after dynamic stabilization,” Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 423–429, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. W. Cunningham, Y. Kotani, P. S. McNulty, A. Cappuccino, and P. C. McAfee, “The effect of spinal destabilization and instrumentation on lumbar intradiscal pressure: an in vitro biomechanical analysis,” Spine, vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 2655–2663, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. L. Weinhoffer, R. D. Guyer, M. Herbert, and S. L. Griffith, “Intradiscal pressure measurements above an instrumented fusion a cadaveric study,” Spine, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 526–531, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. F. Hambly, L. L. Wiltse, N. Raghavan, G. Schneiderman, and C. Koenig, “The transition zone above a lumbosacral fusion,” Spine, vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 1785–1792, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. Penta, A. Sandhu, and R. D. Fraser, “Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of disc degeneration 10 years after anterior lumbar interbody fusion,” Spine, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 743–747, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Nakai, H. Yoshizawa, and S. Kobayashi, “Long-term follow-up study of posterior lumbar interbody fusion,” Journal of Spinal Disorders, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 293–299, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. N. Kumar, F. Jacquot, and H. Hall, “Long-term follow-up of functional outcomes and radiographic changes at adjacent levels following lumbar spine fusion for degenerative disc disease,” European Spine Journal, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 309–313, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. W. Schmoelz, J. F. Huber, T. Nydegger, Dipl-Ing, L. Claes, and H. J. Wilke, “Dynamic stabilization of the lumbar spine and its effects on adjacent segments: an in vitro experiment,” Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 418–423, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. Cabello, J. M. Cavanilles-Walker, M. Iborra, M. T. Ubierna, A. Covaro, and J. Roca, “The protective role of dynamic stabilization on the adjacent disc to a rigid instrumented level. An in vitro biomechanical analysis,” Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 443–448, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. P. Strube, S. Tohtz, E. Hoff, C. Gross, C. Perka, and M. Putzier, “Dynamic stabilization adjacent to single-level fusion: part I. Biomechanical effects on lumbar spinal motion,” European Spine Journal, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2171–2180, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. V. Lafage, N. Gangnet, J. Sénégas, F. Lavaste, and W. Skalli, “New interspinous implant evaluation using an in vitro biomechanical study combined with a finite-element analysis,” Spine, vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 1706–1713, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. H.-J. Wilke, J. Drumm, K. Häussler, C. MacK, W.-I. Steudel, and A. Kettler, “Biomechanical effect of different lumbar interspinous implants on flexibility and intradiscal pressure,” European Spine Journal, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1049–1056, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. B. He, L. Yan, H. Guo, T. Liu, X. Wang, and D. Hao, “The difference in superior adjacent segment pathology after lumbar posterolateral fusion by using 2 different pedicle screw insertion techniques in 9-year minimum follow-up,” Spine, vol. 39, no. 14, pp. 1093–1098, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. N. Boos and J. K. Webb, “Pedicle screw fixation in spinal disorders: a European view,” European Spine Journal, vol. 6, pp. 2–18, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  45. P. C. Jutte and R. M. Castelein, “Complications of pedicle screws in lumbar and lumbosacral fusions in 105 consecutive primary operations,” European Spine Journal, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 594–598, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. J. E. Lonstein, F. Denis, J. H. Perra, M. R. Pinto, M. D. Smith, and R. B. Winter, “Complications associated with pedicle screws,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—American Volume, vol. 81, no. 11, pp. 1519–1528, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. K. Wang, Z. Zhu, B. Wang, Y. Zhu, and H. Liu, “Bone resorption during the first year after implantation of a single-segment dynamic interspinous stabilization device and its risk factors,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 16, article no. 117, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. D. Miller, M. C. Miller, and M. G. Lucas, “Erosion of the spinous process: a potential cause of interspinous process spacer failure—report of 2 cases,” Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 210–213, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. L. M. Schulte, J. R. O'Brien, L. E. Matteini, and W. D. Yu, “Change in sagittal balance with placement of an interspinous spacer,” Spine, vol. 36, no. 20, pp. E1302–E1305, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. J. Liang, Y. Dong, and H. Zhao, “Risk factors for predicting symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration requiring surgery in patients after posterior lumbar fusion,” Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, vol. 9, article 97, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  51. H. Ishihara, M. Kanamori, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Adjacent segment disease after anterior cervical interbody fusion,” The Spine Journal, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 624–628, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. J. Sénégas, “Mechanical supplementation by non-rigid fixation in degenerative intervertebral lumbar segments: the wallis system,” European Spine Journal, vol. 11, supplement 2, pp. S164–S169, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. S. M. Jones-Quaidoo, M. Djurasovic, R. K. Owens III, and L. Y. Carreon, “Superior articulating facet violation: percutaneous versus open techniques,” Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 593–597, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. D. Lau, S. W. Terman, R. Patel, F. L. Marca, and P. Park, “Incidence of and risk factors for superior facet violation in minimally invasive versus open pedicle screw placement during transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a comparative analysis: clinical article,” Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 356–361, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. T. Kaito, N. Hosono, Y. Mukai, T. Makino, T. Fuji, and K. Yonenobu, “Induction of early degeneration of the adjacent segment after posterior lumbar interbody fusion by excessive distraction of lumbar disc space: clinical article,” Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 671–679, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus