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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4684629, 8 pages
Research Article

Male Partners of Infertile Couples with Seminal Infections of Human Papillomavirus Have Impaired Fertility Parameters

1Clinical Cytology and STD Laboratory, Department of Clinical Analysis and Biomedicine, State University of Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil
2Sperm Analysis Section, São Camilo Laboratory, Maringá, PR, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Marcia E. L. Consolaro

Received 21 February 2017; Revised 11 June 2017; Accepted 2 July 2017; Published 1 August 2017

Academic Editor: Esteban Martinez

Copyright © 2017 Edilson Damke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Several studies have addressed the impact of viral infections on male infertility. However, it is still unknown whether human papillomavirus (HPV) can alter seminal parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HPV in the semen of male partners of couples seeking fertility evaluation. Additionally, we assessed the possibility that HPV infections affect seminal parameters. A total of 229 semen samples were collected from men in the Sperm Analysis Section of São Camilo Laboratory of Maringá, Brazil, between October 2015 and March 2016. Basic seminal parameters were analyzed, and HPV was detected and genotyped by polymerase chain reaction. HPV DNA was detected in 16.6% of samples. Of these, 10.5% had single type HPV infections, 6.1% had multiple HPV infections, 5.7% had exclusively high-risk HPV, and 6.1% had exclusively low-risk HPV. Samples positive for single and multiple types of HPV were associated with abnormal viscosity, and samples positive for multiple HPV types were also associated with hypospermia, higher pH, and increased leukocyte numbers. These findings suggest that the male partners of infertile couples with seminal HPV infections may have prostate disturbances indicative of glandular dysfunction, which may influence fertility.