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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 4728924, 6 pages
Research Article

Psychosocial and Environmental Correlates of Sedentary Behaviors in Spanish Children

1PAFS Research Group, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain
2Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
3Department of Teaching of Musical, Visual and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to S. Aznar; se.mlcu@ranza.anasus

Received 1 February 2017; Revised 31 March 2017; Accepted 9 April 2017; Published 27 April 2017

Academic Editor: Wonwoo Byun

Copyright © 2017 S. Aznar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Purpose. To evaluate children’s psychosocial and environmental factors associated with sedentary behavior (SB). Method. The study involved a total of 420 children (mean 9.2 years; 52.9% girls) from the community of Madrid, Spain. SB and physical activity (PA) were objectively measured using accelerometers. TV viewing and potential correlates were assessed by questionnaire. Mixed-model regression analysis, adjusted for clustering within school locations, evaluated the relation of each independent variable with SBs. Results. Girls showed higher levels of SB than boys, whereas boys reported more TV viewing ( in all cases). Regression analysis showed that MVPA levels were negatively related to objective SB measurement in both boys and girls (). Parent and friend support to PA were negatively associated with SB on weekdays in boys and girls, respectively (). In the boys’ group, parental professional level was a positive predictor of SB on weekend days (). Boys with more positive neighborhood perceptions spent less time watching TV (), whereas mother’s leisure-time PA level was a negative correlate of TV viewing in girls’ group (). Conclusion. Different psychosocial and environmental correlates of SB were identified. Present findings are promising targets for interventions to improve children’s health.