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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 4830968, 13 pages
Research Article

Health Status and the Demand for Healthcare among the Elderly in the Rural Quoc-Oai District of Hanoi in Vietnam

1The Research Institute of Nursing Science, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2JW Lee Center for Global Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
4Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam

Correspondence should be addressed to Sunghee H. Tak;

Received 26 January 2017; Accepted 3 August 2017; Published 24 September 2017

Academic Editor: Malgorzata Bala

Copyright © 2017 Kyung-Sook Bang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective. This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design. This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older. Results. The mean age of the respondents was 70.9. Both self-rated health status and functional status decreased with age. Women reported more functional limitations than men. Musculoskeletal disorders were the most frequently reported chronic diseases, followed by hypertension, gastrointestinal diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Age, self-rated health status, BMIs, and the number of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were found to be significant determinants of HRQoL, after controlling for socioeconomic effects. More than half the respondents requested more healthcare information, particularly on disease management. Conclusions. Vietnam’s healthcare system is being challenged to make health services easily accessible and meet the growing needs for chronic illness management, risk reduction, promoting healthy lifestyles, and improving the aging population’s quality of life.