BioMed Research International / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Chronic Health Conditions as a Risk Factor for Falls among the Community-Dwelling US Older Adults: A Zero-Inflated Regression Modeling Approach

Table 2

Risk factors of falls among community-dwelling US older adults: logistic regression modeling, BRFSS 2014.

Explanatory variables (reference)Crude odds
ratio (95% CI)
Standard
error
Adjusted odds
ratio (95% CI)
Standard
error

Chronic health conditions
Heart attack1.48 (1.39–1.58)0.0332
Angina1.49 (1.40–1.59)0.03291.17 (1.09–1.27)0.0389
Stroke1.96 (1.81–2.11)0.03961.61 (1.46–1.76)0.0474
Asthma1.48 (1.38–1.58)0.03421.22 (1.13–1.32)0.0399
Cancer1.21 (1.14–1.28)0.03011.13 (1.06–1.20)0.0329
COPD1.51 (1.42–1.61)0.0323
CKD1.81 (1.63–1.99)0.05151.27 (1.14–1.42)0.0553
Arthritis1.89 (1.80–1.98)0.02371.61 (1.52–1.70)0.0277
Depression2.67 (2.52–2.83)0.02962.26 (2.11–2.42)0.0350
Diabetes1.42 (1.34–1.49)0.02681.32 (1.24–1.40)0.0320

Sociodemographic composition
Age group 80+ (65–79)1.35 (1.28–1.42)0.02631.27 (1.20–1.36)0.0330
Black (White)0.73 (0.66–0.80)0.04820.68 (0.60–0.75)0.0567
Hispanic (White)0.85 (0.75–0.96)0.06220.74 (0.65–0.85)0.0701
Other race (White)0.86 (0.71–1.04)0.09610.80 (0.66–0.97)0.0982
Female (male)1.21 (1.15–1.26)0.02341.06 (1.00–1.12)0.0284
Unmarried/single (married/living-in)1.31 (1.25–1.37)0.02311.13 (1.07–1.20)0.0293
Unemployed (employed)1.33 (1.25–1.42)0.03251.10 (1.02–1.18)0.0370
Income <$50,000/year (≥$50,000/year)1.30 (1.23–1.37)0.02681.07 (1.00–1.13)0.0305
Binge drinking (no binge drinking)1.14 (1.02–1.27)0.05711.24 (1.09–1.41)0.0654

Note. Data source: 2014 BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System).
COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder.
CKD = Chronic Kidney Condition.
Binge drinking = males having five or more drinks on one occasion and females having four or more drinks on one occasion.
CI = Confidence Interval.

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