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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 5646348, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5646348
Review Article

Neurocardiology: Cardiovascular Changes and Specific Brain Region Infarcts

1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China
2Department of Gastroenterology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519000, China
3The Biobank of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China
4Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
5Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Songran Yang; moc.621@nargnosgnay and Ping Hua; moc.anis@88gnipauh

Received 17 November 2016; Accepted 15 May 2017; Published 3 July 2017

Academic Editor: Vida Demarin

Copyright © 2017 Rongjun Zou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There are complex and dynamic reflex control networks between the heart and the brain, including cardiac and intrathoracic ganglia, spinal cord, brainstem, and central nucleus. Recent literature based on animal model and clinical trials indicates a close link between cardiac function and nervous systems. It is noteworthy that the autonomic nervous-based therapeutics has shown great potential in the management of atrial fibrillation, ventricular arrhythmia, and myocardial remodeling. However, the potential mechanisms of postoperative brain injury and cardiovascular changes, particularly heart rate variability and the presence of arrhythmias, are not understood. In this chapter, we will describe mechanisms of brain damage undergoing cardiac surgery and focus on the interaction between cardiovascular changes and damage to specific brain regions.