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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5801432, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5801432
Research Article

Bioaccumulation of Some Heavy Metals: Analysis and Comparison of Cyprinus carpio and Labeo rohita from Sardaryab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

1Department of Zoology, Islamia College, Peshawar, Pakistan
2Department of Animal Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
3Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, KPK, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Ali Muhammad Yousafzai

Received 5 September 2016; Revised 14 November 2016; Accepted 21 February 2017; Published 15 March 2017

Academic Editor: Kazim Husain

Copyright © 2017 Ali Muhammad Yousafzai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We examined and compared heavy metals bioaccumulation in Cyprinus carpio and Labeo rohita netted from Sardaryab, a tributary of River Kabul. By using atomic absorption spectrometry we assessed different organs including livers, gills, and muscles. Metals studied were chromium, iron, zinc, lead, and copper. Livers of both species showed higher concentrations of metals while muscles showed the least amount. Chromium and iron were the highly concentrated metals in the gills and livers of both species. A quantity of 0.154 ± 0.011, 0.199 ± 0.0079, and 0.024 ± 0.008 μg/g of chromium was found in the gills, livers, and muscles of Cyprinus carpio, respectively. Similarly, the gills, liver, and muscles of Labeo rohita contained 0.133 ± 0.008, 0.165 ± 0.01, and 0.019 ± 0.006 μg/g of Cr, respectively. Iron was highest in carp in the range of 0.086 ± 0.01 in gills and 0.067 ± 0.011 μg/g in muscles, comparatively. All the studied metals were found within the US recommended daily dietary allowances (RDA) limits; hence no immediate risk in their consumption for human was found. The data showed that Cyprinus carpio being omnivorous and bottom feeder stored higher concentrations of metals as compared to Labeo rohita.