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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6712376, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6712376
Research Article

Can Replacing CA125 with HE4 in Risk of Malignancy Indices 1–4 Improve Diagnostic Performance in the Presurgical Assessment of Adnexal Tumors?

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Kondratowicza 8, 03-242 Warsaw, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Nabil Abdalla

Received 8 June 2017; Accepted 28 September 2017; Published 7 November 2017

Academic Editor: Maria Barbolina

Copyright © 2017 Nabil Abdalla et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aims. To assess whether replacing CA125 with HE4 in the classical formulas of risk of malignancy indices (RMIs) can improve diagnostic performance. Methods. For each of 312 patients with an adnexal mass, classical RMIs 1–4 were computed based on ultrasound score, menopausal status, and serum CA125 levels. Additionally, modified RMIs (mRMIs) 1–4 were recalculated by replacing CA125 with HE4. Results. Malignant pathology was diagnosed in 52 patients (16.67%). There was no significant difference in diagnostic performance (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC]) between each classical RMI and its corresponding mRMI. In the entire sample, the AUC was 0.899, 0.900, 0.895, and 0.908 for classical RMIs 1–4 compared to 0.903, 0.929, 0.930, and 0.931 for mRMIs 1–4. In premenopausal patients, the AUC was 0.818, 0.798, 0.795, and 0.802 for classical RMIs 1–4 compared to 0.839, 0.875, 0.876, and 0.856 for mRMIs 1–4. In postmenopausal patients, the AUC was 0.906, 0.895, 0.896, and 0.906 for classical RMIs 1–4 compared to 0.907, 0.923, 0.924, and 0.930 for mRMI 1–4. Conclusions. Use of HE4 instead of CA125 did not significantly improve diagnostic performance of RMIs 1–4 in patients with an adnexal mass.