BioMed Research International / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Centenarians in Mexico City

Table 2

Frequency of health characteristics in Mexican centenarians by gender.

VariableTotal
(%)
393
Women
(%)
299 (76.0)
Men
(%)
94 (23.9)

MMSE cognitive status0.23
 Normal cognitive status209 (53.1)154 (51.5)55 (58.5)
 Cognitive impairment184 (46.8)145 (48.4)39 (41.4)
Dependence in basic activities (Katz index)<0.01
 No dependence115 (29.2)78 (26.0)37 (39.3)
 Dependence in 1 or more activities278 (70.7)221 (73.7)57 (60.3)
Dependence in instrumental activities (Lawton scale)0.007
 No dependence&10 (2.5)4 (1.3)6 (6.3)
 Dependence in 1 or more activities383 (97.4)295 (98.6)88 (93.6)
Depression by GDS0.21
 No depression, ≤5 points277 (70.4)206 (68.9)71 (75.5)
 Depression, ≥6 points116 (29.6)93 (31.1)23 (24.4)
Self-perception of health status0.53
 Good310 (78.9)238 (79.6)72 (76.6)
 Poor83 (21.1)61 (20.4)22 (23.4)
Nutritional status by MNA0.33
 No malnutrition68 (17.3)49 (16.3)19 (20.2)
 Risk of malnutrition206 (52.4)154 (5.5)52 (55.3)
 Malnutrition119 (30.2)96 (32.1)23 (24.2)
Polypharmacy0.81
 Yes (≥5 medications)70 (17.8)54 (18.0)16 (17.0)

MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination; GDS: Geriatric Depression Scale; MNA: Mini Nutritional Assessment. Differences in percentages were analyzed through the Chi2 test except for those marked by “&” which were analyzed through Fisher’s exact test.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.