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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 7431301, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7431301
Research Article

Factors Associated with Dental Pain in Mexican Schoolchildren Aged 6 to 12 Years

1Faculty of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Yucatan, Merida, YUC, Mexico
2Health Systems Research Centre, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, MOR, Mexico
3Academic Area of Dentistry of Health Sciences Institute, Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, Pachuca, HGO, Mexico
4Advanced Studies and Research Center in Dentistry “Dr. Keisaburo Miyata”, School of Dentistry, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, MEX, Mexico
5Faculty of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Campeche, Campeche, CAM, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís; moc.oohay@sanidemec

Received 19 December 2016; Revised 25 April 2017; Accepted 11 May 2017; Published 8 June 2017

Academic Editor: Evandro Piva

Copyright © 2017 Mauricio Escoffié-Ramirez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To identify dental pain prevalence and associated factors in Mexican schoolchildren. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 1,404 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years from public schools in the city of Pachuca de Soto, Hidalgo, Mexico. Data were collected through a questionnaire that addressed sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors, eating and dental hygiene habits, and behavior variables. The dependent variable was self-reported dental pain in the 12 months prior to the survey. Data were analyzed using nonparametric statistics and a binary logistical regression model. Results. Dental pain prevalence among the studied children was 49.9%. The variables associated in the final model () were younger mother’s age, higher socioeconomic level, absence of an automobile in the home, fried food, fruit intake, lower tooth brushing frequency, never having used mouthwash or not knowing about it, and parents/guardians with regular to high levels of knowledge about oral health and a regular or good/very good perception of their child’s oral health. Conclusions. One in two children in the study had experienced dental pain in the twelve months prior to the survey. The association of socioeconomic variables with dental pain suggested inequalities among the children in terms of oral health.