BioMed Research International / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Intelligent Physical Exercise Training in a Workplace Setting Improves Muscle Strength and Musculoskeletal Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Baseline characteristics. Data are shown as mean ± SD except for proportion of females. 3 mt = 3 months. 7 d = 7 days. TG = training group, TG ≥ 70% = participants in TG with an adherence of ≥70%, and CG = control group. = significant difference between groups.

TG ≥ 70%
TG versus CGTG ≥ 70% versus CG

 Females (%)73.169.774.70.7290.388
 Age (years)0.2650.863
 Height (cm)0.4290.398
 Weight (kg)0.8340.723
 Fat (%)0.6460.647
 BMI (kg/m2)0.7590.989
Muscle strength
 Back extension (N)0.9410.407
 Abdominal flexion (N)0.9580.479
 Right shoulder elevation (N)0.4210.336
 Left shoulder elevation (N)0.6310.632
 Right arm abduction (N)0.2980.140
 Left arm abduction (N)0.2250.077
Musculoskeletal pain (scale from 0 to 9)
 Neck 3 mt0.9580.918
 Neck 7 d0.8790.840
 Right shoulder 3 mt0.9940.722
 Right shoulder 7 d0.2840.401
 Left shoulder 3 mt0.0650.061
 Left shoulder 7 d0.0690.078
 Upper back 3 mt0.5010.554
 Upper back 7 d0.5830.603
 Low back 3 mt0.1250.410
 Low back 7 d0.0330.228

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19.