Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7920438, 17 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7920438
Research Article

Transition from Deep Regional Blocks toward Deep Nerve Hydrodissection in the Upper Body and Torso: Method Description and Results from a Retrospective Chart Review of the Analgesic Effect of 5% Dextrose Water as the Primary Hydrodissection Injectate to Enhance Safety

1Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, Hong Kong
2KH Lam Musculoskeletal Pain Management and Sports Injury Centre, Kowloon, Hong Kong
3The Hong Kong Institute of Musculoskeletal Medicine, Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong
4Private Practice PM&R and Pain Management, Roeland Park, KS, USA
5Department of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Stanley K. H. Lam; moc.liamg@hkmalrd

Received 16 December 2016; Revised 19 March 2017; Accepted 24 July 2017; Published 1 October 2017

Academic Editor: Jui-An Lin

Copyright © 2017 Stanley K. H. Lam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Wadhwa, S. K. Kandadai, S. Tongpresert, D. Obal, and R. E. Gebhard, “Ultrasound guidance for deep peripheral nerve blocks: a brief review,” Anesthesiology Research and Practice, vol. 2011, Article ID 262070, 6 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. Dach, Á. L. Éckeli, K. D. S. Ferreira, and J. G. Speciali, “Nerve block for the treatment of headaches and cranial neuralgias—a practical approach,” Headache, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 59–71, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Clendenen, R. Greengrass, J. Whalen, and M. I. O’Connor, “Infrapatellar saphenous neuralgia after TKA can be improved with ultrasound-guided local treatments,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 473, no. 1, pp. 119–125, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. P. Cass, “Ultrasound-guided nerve hydrodissection: what is it? a review of the literature,” Current Sports Medicine Reports, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 20–22, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. M. Neal, M. J. Barrington, R. Brull et al., “The second ASRA practice advisory on neurologic complications associated with regional anesthesia and pain medicine: executive summary 2015,” Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 401–430, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Hara, S. Sakura, N. Yokokawa, and S. Tadenuma, “Incidence and effects of unintentional intraneural injection during ultrasound-guided subgluteal sciatic nerve block,” Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 289–293, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. S. Liu, J. T. Yadeau, P. M. Shaw, S. Wilfred, T. Shetty, and M. Gordon, “Incidence of unintentional intraneural injection and postoperative neurological complications with ultrasound-guided interscalene and supraclavicular nerve blocks,” Anaesthesia, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 168–174, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Lyftogt, “Pain conundrums: which hypothesis? Central nervous system sensitization versus peripheral nervous system autonomy,” Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 72–74, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Lyftogt, “Subcutaneous prolotherapy for Achilles tendinopathy,” Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine, vol. 12, pp. 107–109, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  10. J. Lyftogt, “Subcutaneous prolotherapy treatment of refractory knee, shoulder and lateral elbow pain,” Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 110–112, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Lyftogt, “Prolotherapy for recalcitrant lumbago,” Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 18–20, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  12. M. J. Yelland, K. R. Sweeting, J. A. Lyftogt, S. K. Ng, P. A. Scuffham, and K. A. Evans, “Prolotherapy injections and eccentric loading exercises for painful Achilles tendinosis: a randomised trial,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 421–428, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Hosokawa, T. Nakashima, Y. Ogawa, K. Kozawa, and T. Kiba, “Coadministration of 5% glucose solution relieves vascular pain in the patients administered gemcitabine immediately,” Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 190–192, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. Nakashima, Y. Ogawa, A. Kimura et al., “Coadministration of 5% glucose solution has a decrease in bendamustine-related vascular pain grade,” Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 445–447, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. J. Paprottka, S. Lehner, W. P. Fendler et al., “Reduced periprocedural analgesia after replacement of water for injection with glucose 5% solution as the infusion medium for 90Y-Resin microspheres,” Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 1679–1684, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Dufour, N. Donat, S. Jaziri et al., “Ultrasound-guided perineural circumferential median nerve block with and without prior dextrose 5% hydrodissection: a prospective randomized double-blinded noninferiority trial,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 728–733, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Maniquis-Smigel, K. D. Reeves, H. J. Rosen et al., “Short term analgesic effects of 5% dextrose epidural injections for chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial,” Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, vol. 7, no. 1, Article ID e42550, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. Maniquis Smigel, K. D. Reeves, J. Lyftogt, A. L. Cheng, and D. Rabago, “Caudal epidural injections with 5% dextrose for chronic low back pain with accompanying buttock or leg pain: results of a consecutive participant open-label trial with long-term follow-up,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 2016, no. 8, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  19. T. S. Jensen, R. Baron, M. Haanpää et al., “A new definition of neuropathic pain,” Pain, vol. 152, no. 10, pp. 2204-2205, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R.-D. Treede, T. S. Jensen, J. N. Campbell et al., “Neuropathic pain: redefinition and a grading system for clinical and research purposes,” Neurology, vol. 70, no. 18, pp. 1630–1635, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Ebadi, H. Siddiqui, S. Ebadi, M. Ngo, A. Breiner, and V. Bril, “Peripheral nerve ultrasound in small fiber polyneuropathy,” Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 2820–2826, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. W. E. Ackerman III and J.-M. Zhang, “Efficacy of stellate ganglion blockade for the management of type 1 complex regional pain syndrome,” Southern Medical Journal, vol. 99, no. 10, pp. 1084–1088, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. I. Yucel, Y. Demiraran, K. Ozturan, and E. Degirmenci, “Complex regional pain syndrome type I: efficacy of stellate ganglion blockade,” Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 179–183, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Sinofsky, T. Sharma, and T. Wright, “Stellate ganglion block for debilitating photophobia secondary to trigeminal, postherpetic neuralgia,” Pain Practice, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. E99–E102, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Y. Makharita, Y. M. Amr, and Y. El-Bayoumy, “Effect of early stellate ganglion blockade for facial pain from acute Herpes Zoster and Incidence of postherpetic neuralgia,” Pain Physician, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 467–474, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Melis, K. Zawawi, E. Al-Badawi, S. L. Lobo, and N. Mehta, “Complex regional pain syndrome in the head and neck: A review of the literature,” Journal of Orofacial Pain, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 93–104, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. L. Arden, S. J. Bahu, M. A. Zuazu, and R. Berguer, “Reflex sympathetic dystrophy of the face: current treatment recommendations,” Laryngoscope, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 437–442, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. W. Mulvaney, J. H. Lynch, and R. S. Kotwal, “Clinical guidelines for stellate ganglion block to treat anxiety associated with posttraumatic stress disorder,” Journal of Special Operations Medicine, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 79–85, 2015. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. H. Lynch, S. W. Mulvaney, E. H. Kim, J. B. de Leeuw, M. J. Schroeder, and S. F. Kane, “Effect of stellate ganglion block on specific symptom clusters for treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder,” Military Medicine, vol. 181, no. 9, pp. 1135–1141, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. R. Summers and R. L. Nevin, “Stellate ganglion block in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: a review of historical and recent literature,” Pain Practice, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 546–553, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. W. Mulvaney, J. H. Lynch, M. J. Hickey et al., “Stellate ganglion block used to treat symptoms associated with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder: a case series of 166 patients,” Military Medicine, vol. 179, no. 10, pp. 1133–1140, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Ghai, T. Kaushik, Z. S. Kundu, S. Wadhera, and R. Wadhera, “Evaluation of new approach to ultrasound guided stellate ganglion block,” Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 161–167, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Ghai, T. Kaushik, R. Wadhera, and S. Wadhera, “Stellate ganglion blockade-techniques and modalities,” Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2016. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Gofeld, A. Bhatia, S. Abbas, S. Ganapathy, and M. Johnson, “Development and validation of a new technique for ultrasound-guided stellate ganglion block,” Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 475–479, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Q. H. Tran, A. Clemente, J. Doan, and R. J. Finlayson, “Brachial plexus blocks: a review of approaches and techniques,” Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 662–674, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. Brachial Plexus Injury (BPI) at http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology_neurosurgery/centers_clinics/peripheral_nerve_surgery/conditions/brachial_plexus_injury_bpi.html.
  37. S. Fallatah, “Successful management of complex regional pain syndrome type 1 using single injection interscalene brachial plexus block,” Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 559–561, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. V. Golovchinsky, Double-Crush Syndrome, Springer, Boston, Mass, USA, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. K. Vermeylen, S. Engelen, L. Sermeus, F. Soetens, and M. Van De Velde, “Supraclavicular brachial plexus blocks: review and current practice,” Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 15–21, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Mian, I. Chaudhry, R. Huang, E. Rizk, R. S. Tubbs, and M. Loukas, “Brachial plexus anesthesia: a review of the relevant anatomy, complications, and anatomical variations,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 210–221, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. N. Pratt, “Anatomy of nerve entrapment sites in the upper quarter,” Journal of Hand Therapy, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 216–229, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. Van Zundert, M. Huntoon, J. Patijn, A. Lataster, N. Mekhail, and M. Van Kleef, “Cervical radicular pain,” Pain Practice, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–17, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. S. M. Klein, K. C. Nielsen, N. Ahmed, C. C. Buckenmaier III, and S. M. Steele, “In situ images of the thoracic paravertebral space,” Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 596–599, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. R. K. Batra, K. Krishnan, and A. Agarwal, “Paravertebral block,” Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 5–11, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  45. J.-G. Song, G.-S. Hwang, H. L. Eun et al., “Effects of bilateral stellate ganglion block on autonomic cardiovascular regulation,” Circulation Journal, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 1909–1913, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. Weiss, C. Isselhorst, J. Gahlen et al., “Acute respiratory failure after deep cervical plexus block for carotid endarterectomy as a result of bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis,” Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 715–719, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. N. Malek, A. Pajak, N. Kolosowska, M. Kucharczyk, and K. Starowicz, “The importance of TRPV1-sensitisation factors for the development of neuropathic pain,” Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, vol. 65, pp. 1–10, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. H. Bertrand, M. Kyriazis, K. D. Reeves, J. Lyftogt, and D. Rabago, “Topical mannitol reduces capsaicin-induced pain: results of a pilot-level, double-blind, randomized controlled trial,” PM and R, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1111–1117, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Cui, V. Gosu, S. Basith, S. Hong, and S. Choi, “Polymodal transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 nocisensor: structure, modulators, and therapeutic applications,” Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology, vol. 104, pp. 81–125, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. L. Chen, B. Tuo, and H. Dong, “Regulation of intestinal glucose absorption by ion channels and transporters,” Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 1, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. S. G. Patching, “Glucose transporters at the blood-brain barrier: function, regulation and gateways for drug delivery,” Molecular Neurobiology, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 1046–1077, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. V. F. H. Jensen, A.-M. Mølck, I. B. Bøgh, and J. Lykkesfeldt, “Effect of insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on the peripheral nervous system: focus on adaptive mechanisms, pathogenesis and histopathological changes,” Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 482–496, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. V. F. H. Jensen, I. B. Bøgh, and J. Lykkesfeldt, “Effect of insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on the central nervous system: evidence from experimental studies,” Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 123–150, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. S. Pramming, B. Thorsteinsson, B. Stigsby, and C. Binder, “Glycaemic threshold for changes in electroencephalograms during hypoglycaemia in patients with insulin dependent diabetes,” British Medical Journal, vol. 296, no. 6623, pp. 665–667, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. M. B. Maclver and D. L. Tanelian, “Activation of C fibers by metabolic perturbations associated with tourniquet ischemia,” Anesthesiology, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 617–623, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. G. J. Bennett, J. M. Chung, M. Honore, and Z. Seltzer, “Models of neuropathic pain in the rat,” Current Protocols in Neuroscience, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  57. C. Dejaco, M. Stradner, D. Zauner et al., “Ultrasound for diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome: comparison of different methods to determine median nerve volume and value of power Doppler sonography,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 72, no. 12, pp. 1934–1939, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. S. Anjayani, Y. W. Wirohadidjojo, A. M. Adam, D. Suwandi, A. Seweng, and M. D. Amiruddin, “Sensory improvement of leprosy peripheral neuropathy in patients treated with perineural injection of platelet-rich plasma,” International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 109–113, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus