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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 8106491, 7 pages
Research Article

Examination of Oral Microbiota Diversity in Adults and Older Adults as an Approach to Prevent Spread of Risk Factors for Human Infections

1Clinic of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial and Oral Surgery and Implantology, Medical University of Warsaw, 4 Lindleya Str., 02-005 Warsaw, Poland
2Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Warsaw, 59 Nowogrodzka Str., 02-006 Warsaw, Poland
3Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, 73 Nowogrodzka Str., 02-018 Warsaw, Poland
4Department of Prosthodontics, Medical University of Warsaw, 59 Nowogrodzka Str., 02-006 Warsaw, Poland
5Department of Ophthalmology, SPKSO Ophthalmic Hospital, Medical University of Warsaw, 13 Sierakowskiego Str., 03-709 Warsaw, Poland
6Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
7One Health Center, Berry College, School of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, Mount Berry, GA 30149-5036, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Lidia Chomicz; lp.ude.muw@zcimohc.aidil

Received 28 June 2017; Accepted 6 August 2017; Published 10 September 2017

Academic Editor: Carla Renata Arciola

Copyright © 2017 Paweł J. Zawadzki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The oral cavity environment may be colonized by polymicrobial communities with complex, poorly known interrelations. The aim of this study was to determine oral microbiota diversity in order to prevent the spread of infectious microorganisms that are risk factors for human health complications in patients requiring treatment due to various disabilities. The study examined Polish adults aged between 40 and 70 years; parasitological, microbiological, and mycological data collected before treatment were analyzed. The diversity of oral microbiota, including relatively high prevalences of some opportunistic, potentially pathogenic strains of bacteria, protozoans, and fungi detected in the patients analyzed, may result in increasing risk of disseminated infections from the oral cavity to neighboring structures and other organs. Increasing ageing of human populations is noted in recent decades in many countries, including Poland. The growing number of older adults with different oral health disabilities, who are more prone to development of oral and systemic pathology, is an increasing medical problem. Results of this retrospective study showed the urgent need to pay more attention to the pretreatment examination of components of the oral microbiome, especially to the strains, which are etiological agents of human opportunistic infections and are particularly dangerous for older adults.