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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 9016924, 13 pages
Research Article

Impact of Physical Activity on Cognitive Decline, Dementia, and Its Subtypes: Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies

1Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Institute for Mathematical Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence should be addressed to Chris B. Guure;

Received 8 September 2016; Revised 4 December 2016; Accepted 27 December 2016; Published 7 February 2017

Academic Editor: Youngdeok Kim

Copyright © 2017 Chris B. Guure et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary Material

The characteristics of interest upon which data were extracted are provided in the following tables according to authors and year of publications, countries of prospective studies, years of study, sample sizes, sexes or gender, follow-up years, ages of the participants at baseline, methods used to assess Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, cognitive decline, and physical activity. The methodological quality of each of the studies that met the inclusion criterion were also appraised using Meta-Analyses of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument (JBI-MAStARI). Using this instrument, studies that scored ≥7 were deemed to be of high quality, those within 4 ≥ studies ≤6 were judged to be of moderate quality, and that of scores <4 were of low quality.

  1. Supplementary Material