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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9318534, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9318534
Research Article

Factors Influencing Burnout Syndrome in Obstetrics and Gynecology Physicians

1Behavioral Sciences Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”, Iași, Romania
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”, University Maternity Hospital “Cuza Voda”, Iași, Romania
3Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”, Iași, Romania
4Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Iași, Romania
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”, Iași, Romania

Correspondence should be addressed to Vladimir Socolov; moc.oohay@rvolocos

Received 18 April 2017; Revised 21 August 2017; Accepted 6 November 2017; Published 5 December 2017

Academic Editor: Giulio Arcangeli

Copyright © 2017 Magdalena Iorga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To identify the influence of environmental, personality, and alexithymia factors on burnout syndrome among obstetrics and gynecology physicians. Material and Methods. A total of 116 physicians (35 men and 81 women) completed questionnaires and sociodemographic data sheets. The Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Big Five Inventory, and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale were used to measure burnout, innate personality traits, and alexithymia, respectively. The -test and Pearson correlations were used for other measurements. Results. Of the 116 study physicians, 12.9% have suffered or still suffer from depression and 35.3% have had or still have problems related to insomnia. Regarding emotional exhaustion and depersonalization factors, men obtained lower scores than women ( versus for emotional exhaustion; versus for depersonalization). Self-reported depression was related to higher scores for all 3 domains, to higher total scores for alexithymia and neuroticism, and to lower scores for extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness. Residents and consultants had markedly different scores. Conclusion. The results of this study will help obstetrics and gynecology physicians cope with professional burnout and to consider personality traits, alexithymia domains, and environmental factors when finding strategies to cope with their professional stress.