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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 9541619, 5 pages
Research Article

Multiple Viral Infection Detected from Influenza-Like Illness Cases in Indonesia

Research and Development Center for Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Jakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence should be addressed to Vivi Setiawaty; moc.liamtoh@ytawaitesiviv

Received 27 July 2016; Revised 22 November 2016; Accepted 13 December 2016; Published 23 January 2017

Academic Editor: Sumit Sharma

Copyright © 2017 Kindi Adam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Influenza is one of the common etiologies of the upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). However, influenza virus only contributes about 20 percent of influenza-like illness patients. The aim of the study is to investigate the other viral etiologies from ILI cases in Indonesia. Of the 334 samples, 266 samples (78%) were positive at least for one virus, including 107 (42%) cases of multiple infections. Influenza virus is the most detected virus. The most frequent combination of viruses identified was adenovirus and human rhinovirus. This recent study demonstrated high detection rate of several respiratory viruses from ILI cases in Indonesia. Further studies to determine the relationship between viruses and clinical features are needed to improve respiratory disease control program.