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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9569513, 7 pages
Research Article

The Effect of a 12-Week Health Training Program on Selected Anthropometric and Biochemical Variables in Middle-Aged Women

1Department of Biochemistry and Basics of Cosmetology, Faculty of Cosmetology, University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Kraków, Poland
2Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Biomedical Science Institute, University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Kraków, Poland
3Department of Physiological and Medical Sciences, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland
4Department of Sports Theory, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Łukasz Tota

Received 10 April 2017; Revised 1 August 2017; Accepted 29 August 2017; Published 9 October 2017

Academic Editor: Adair Santos

Copyright © 2017 Wanda Pilch et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Regular moderate physical activity positively affects health, fitness, and body composition; it regulates the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines levels. Vitamin D plays an important regulatory role; its adequate levels correlate with low values of inflammation markers and an increase in muscle strength and fitness in exercising people. The study’s aim was to evaluate changes in somatic variables, oxidative stress, and inflammation markers, as well as blood calcidiol concentration in middle-aged healthy women after 12 weeks of aerobics classes—endurance exercises, including choreographic sequences, aiming to improve fitness and motor coordination. The training led to a significant reduction of body mass and fat tissue; it induced an increase in lean body mass. After the 12-week training program, plasma antioxidant status increased (0.65 ± 0.21, ) and the concentration of lipid peroxidation products decreased (0.07 ± 0.02, ). A significant increase in plasma antioxidant status associated with training could have reduced the level of proinflammatory interleukin as indicated by a positive correlation between these variables ( = 0.64, ). The study proved that a 12-week health training program in physically inactive middle-aged women might provide improvements in their anthropometric parameters and selected biochemical indicators.