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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9821757, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9821757
Research Article

The Russians Are the Fastest in Marathon Cross-Country Skiing: The “Engadin Ski Marathon”

1Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia, Greece
2Faculty of Health Sciences, Metropolitan College, Athens, Greece
3Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
4Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
5Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Correspondence should be addressed to Beat Knechtle; hc.deepsih@elthcenk.taeb

Received 20 April 2017; Accepted 17 July 2017; Published 21 August 2017

Academic Editor: Laura Guidetti

Copyright © 2017 Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

It is well known that athletes from a specific region or country are dominating certain sports disciplines such as marathon running or Ironman triathlon; however, little relevant information exists on cross-country skiing. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the aspect of region and nationality in one of the largest cross-country skiing marathons in Europe, the “Engadin Ski Marathon.” All athletes () who finished the “Engadin Ski Marathon” between 1998 and 2016 were considered. More than two-thirds of the finishers (72.5% in women and 69.6% in men) were Swiss skiers, followed by German, Italian, and French athletes in both sexes. Most of the Swiss finishers were from Canton of Zurich (20.5%), Grisons (19.2%), and Berne (10.3%). Regarding performance, the Russians were the fastest and the British the slowest. Considering local athletes, finishers from Canton of Uri and Glarus were the fastest and those from Canton of Geneva and Basel the slowest. Based on the findings of the present study, it was concluded that local athletes were not the fastest in the “Engadin Ski Marathon.” Future studies need to investigate other cross-country skiing races in order to find the nationalities and regions of the fastest cross-country skiers.